Canada is in North America . It is after Russia in terms of area, the second largest country in the world. The only land border is the south and the north-west border with the United States . In the north-east Canada Bordering on Greenland, which lies at the narrowest point is only about 20km off the coast of Canada.
In the east of the country are the Atlantic provinces of Nova Scotia , New Brunswick , Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Iceland . Towards the west, close the provinces Ontario and Quebec to. In central Canada are the so-called prairie provinces of Alberta , Manitoba and Saskatchewan . In the west is British Columbia . The territories in the north of the country ( Northwest Territories , Yukon and Nunavut ) are directly subordinate to the federal government and provinces are not independent.
Time zones-The Canadian Sir Sandford Fleming first proposed in 1876 as a time zone in front of net for the entire world. Canada is crossed from coast to coast from six different time zones.
Canada has 37 national parks, which were created to protect the flora and fauna and preserve for future generations. 15 other national parks are being planned. All 37 parks are managed by Canada Heritage Park. In most national park campgrounds are available. Some are close to large population centers and are heavily used, others are remote and have only very small numbers of visitors. In parks with many lakes and rivers, canoes can be hired, they are ideal for multi-day treks. Many of the parks have day and overnight hiking. The entrance fee varies from nothing to a few Canadian dollars per day per person. The National Park also offer great years passes for about CAN $ 74 per person.
Each region has its own park system. The parks vary in size and are within different well. The meaning behind the parks is different, some are just meant to relax, others to obtain the flora and fauna, and sometimes simply to protect a historic building. In Canada there are more regional parks as national parks, just in Ontario alone there are already 270 parks. Some regional parks have campgrounds and other hygiene facilities only. An admission fee is charged only usually stay at. It is noteworthy that the rustic toilets at the parking lots and Viewpoints are clean and well maintained and always equipped with toilet paper and almost always water-free soap.
Canada is a country that is characterized by considerable distances and rich natural beauty. Economically and technologically, it resembles its neighbor to the south, the United States. Canada in 1867 by the British Parliament in the form of a constitution granted a degree of autonomy and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Ago by the people more of a medium-sized country, has acquired Canada at the international level of respect for his strong diplomatic skills. Inside the country instead tries Politsch by compromises in the cultural and linguistic diverse population to mediate. In the different regions you can find just as many differences as similarities. The language, culture, cuisine and even history vary depending on where you are. The following information provides a brief overview, but you should still check for local particularities.
Traveling by airplane is useful. To find a cheap flight, it is helpful to visit the homepage of the destination airport in Canada and to check which airlines fly to these in detail. Some airlines only fly in the spring and summer.
Air Canada flies daily, however, and you can book Air Canada flights from all airports from which are served by Lufthansa. Due to the 11 September is payable on flights over the United States increased security fee and it is to deal with long wait times at security checkpoints.
The main cities are linked to all major airports in Europe. There are many airlines that fly from Germany to Canada. The most important are Lufthansa, Air Canada, Lufthansa, Air Berlin and Air Transat. Place about value is sometimes, but not the connecting flights durchzubuchen eg the Internet to book flights to Air Canada. This is sometimes cheaper and usually rebook especially without fees! This is useful if you still want to stay a day longer in one place! Canadians often travel by plane, because Canada has extreme levels, and the aircraft quickly, safely, comfortably and is ziemlig cheap here in Canada. The largest Canadian domestic airlines are Air Canada and Westjet.
Amtrak has four rail lines between the U.S. and Canada. In the east there are the following compounds: New York to Montreal (10h), New York to Toronto (via Niagara Falls 12h) and Chicago (30 min 11h) to Toronto. On the west coast this: from Seattle to Vancouver (4h). The railway played an important role in the history of Canada. The promise that the west coast by train will be developed and brought the West to Canada to join, thus the first European settlers arrived in the western part of Canada. Given this historical background, the Canadians feel very connected to the web, unfortunately this means, however still does not mean that the web is used by many Canadians. The two largest rail companies, Union Pacific Railway (CP) and promote Canadian National Railway (CN), exclusive of freight, passengers are transported by VIA Rail, which serves most major cities.
In the Rocky Mountains one-day or longer cruises are offered with the “Rocky Mountaineer”. Connection to the mainline system from VIA and AMTRAK have these traits in Vancouver and Jasper (info at Rocky Mountaineer ).
Trains will be used only by very few Canadians, because train travel is extremely expensive. For longer distances, we use either the bus (eg Greyhound) or the aircraft.
The U.S. Greyhound bus system connects the largest cities in the U.S. with many major cities in Canada or the nearest town to the border. The bus system is the best means of transportation in Canada, because most of the land is covered by it. Greyhound is the largest company, it offers routes to the west of Ottawa. The buses are generally clean, safe and offer a great comfort.
A car certainly constitutes one of the best ways to explore this vast country. As a member of a car club should bring their ID card and seek a local branch of the Canadian clubs. They will be also happy to foreigners with free maps. You do not get cheap variants, but fully usable maps that are always up to date! In addition, there are many hotels with ID in price reductions to 20% – just ask at the reception afterwards.
The gasoline prices have particularly since 11 September tightened dramatically, but are still far away from the European level. One liter Normalbezin (which need the most cars) costs about $ 1.15 at the moment, so about 0.80 €. Time, however, should consider when planning a trip, which can also tear the inexpensive Bezin solely by the amount of kilometers covered a large hole in the bank. Besides that, even in full-size car often have large six-cylinder engines and accordingly are thirsty.
It has proven that they are essentially completely before filling up the tank every major route, even if half or more still inside. On some routes you will find difficult to find a new gas station, if it matters.
In the event that one is stopped by the police, we recommend the same behavior as in the U.S.: Pull over right to remain seated, and place the hands behind the wheel. After the license to dig up the officer’s side window, can possibly be interpreted as a handle for the gun. With all the ensuing consequences.
At all the lights without exception applies (unless signs say something different, and in some cities in Quebec!): Turn right at red light even if one has already stopped and is convinced that is free
At intersections without traffic lights is almost always a stop sign. First allowed to drive, who was first at the intersection.
As in the U.S., the stop sign is taken very seriously. The wheels have to stand still.
Traffic lights and signs are on the other side of the intersection.
Traffic lights turn from red to green immediately.
A High Percentage of former hitchhikers among motorists, the friendly people and very large distances between cities (the driver can not turn before because there is nothing) to make Canada tram PLAND par. Trucks to maintain relatively often. The 6000 km from Vancouver to Halifax are to cope with some tramp and experience happiness in five to six days. (Beginners or who is bound to a departure date plan better than 10 – a 14 days.) However, some travel guides specifically advise women (even if they are in pairs or more) of hitchhiking from. In some areas, hitchhiking is forbidden by the authorities. Black and white roadside signs to draw attention.
On the east coast of Canada is joined by several ferries with the U.S.. On the west coast there are ferries between Washington State and Victoria on Vancouver Iceland.
If you want to visit the country, it is best to either rent a car, or ride the bus. The intercity buses (such as Greyhound) are very cheap and the connections between cities are very good. Most of the buses leave every hour. Thus, bus travel (as opposed to car rentals) and very short notice. An alternative is to rent a motorhome. This is possible in Canada directly, but can be booked already cheaper in Germany. Is then usually stayed in campgrounds, which are very well equipped. Particularly in national parks this is the recommended way to travel.
Canada is bilingual – English and French. All official forms, and many signs and notices are bilingual. In the maritime provinces is equally true in English language and in French-speaking population. The Province of New Brunswick is completely bilingual. In Quebec, French is the predominant language, and in some regions, especially in the countryside, some people also do not speak English as a second language. The French dialect is derived here from the Old French, which have been partly his love trouble, if you even just a little French school and may have little training. But people are very (world) is open and will do their best when they realize that one does not understand. In the other provinces is predominantly spoken English. There are also some areas have spread all over Canada, where settlers settled on time, different cultures. Thus, Winnipeg, Manitoba’s largest French-born population outside of Quebec. Around the city of Kitchener / Ontario, many German immigrants settled the town and Wilno / Ontario was founded by Polish immigrants.
The shops range from excellent in the big cities to “limited to a minimum”. Only those who want to travel long distances away from civilization, should take some special measures. To adequate food and gasoline inventories are just like tools and survival equipment.
In Canada, all prices advertised (including restaurants), excluding VAT. The reason for this is that VAT is composed of two parts: the GST, which is levied by the state and the PST, which is levied by the respective province. The PST is regionally different. In British Columbia, you pay 6% PST, however, Alberta is the only province that currently does not charge PST. The total tax thus adds up to even 12% in British Columbia and the other time to 6% in Alberta, since the PST is omitted entirely.
Canada has many specialties such as maple syrup, which not only serves to sweeten food, but also in the form offered by many specialties and in the kitchen is often used. A specialty would be the “dirty pigg” in German “dirty pig”. The word is derived not from dirty “dirty” but of “ditry” off. According to legend, it was very wrong an alien, and the word spread so on and on. In general, the food in Canada in English speaking parts more “fast food”. In French, there are vast parts of specialties.
In all restaurants will be the guest expects a tip of at least 10-15%, because the wait staff often earn only a very low base salary. In very touristy areas, it may happen that as a service fee also sometimes appears on the bill, but usually if left to the guest.
You often get in pubs in the evening a warm kitchen, often of surprisingly good quality at a low price. A (very large) burgers and fries costs between 8 and 12 dollars, or about € 6-8. The pubs have also not shy away from price competition from the ubiquitous fast food chains, it does taste better anyway.
In Canada, there is no smoking in all restaurants. Nevertheless, the restaurants are almost always full. What was also initially be a bit strange for German is likely: “please wait to be seated.” You will receive as it were at the door and taken to an empty seat. Free table selection is rather rare.
No problem finding a hotel. But really get to know the country and its inhabitants in the best Bed & Breakfast. In each location there are landlords, mostly single ladies who would like to come into contact with foreigners and to pass on their knowledge of country + people happy. Priced hotels are located approximately in the European level. It is noteworthy that many – even noble – hotels offer the members of automobile clubs discounts. One should be from Europe, so bring the membership card as of ADAC or ÖAMTC and the Canadian club confirmed. There will also free maps for each region is available.
The ubiquitous motels should be utilized only as a last resort. The quality of accommodation is usually well below that of good Bed & Breakfasts and usually at a higher price.