The Great Sphinx of Giza , and the Great Sphinx of Giza in Egypt is by far the largest and most famous Sphinx . She is a lying lion with a human head is believed to have been in the fourth Dynasty built around 2700-2600 BC.The Sphinx stands for more than four thousand years from the sands of the Egyptian desert, where most of the time she was up on her head covered by sand, which contributed to its preservation.
The Sphinx has a human head on a lion’s body, the human head has fallen in relation to the body of a lion rather small. The reason for this disproportion is unknown. The human head is covered by a headscarf. The nose is broken. The lion’s body consists of torso, front and rear legs and a tail that wraps around the thigh of the right hind leg.
Paint remains on the ear suggests that the figure was originally painted colorfully. It was the residue of a limestone hill, carved, as the quarry to the pyramid of Cheops was used. In addition to the Sphinx, a temple was erected, with the Valley Temple of Khafre’s pyramid is situated almost exactly in line. Thutmose IV erected between the paws of the Sphinx, the so-called Dream Stela , whose inscriptions tell of his life.The length of the Sphinx is about 73.5 m, which accounts for 15 meters to the front legs outstretched. The face of the Sphinx is 4 m wide, with the head scarf 6m. The height of the Sphinx is 20.2 meters.