The Great Ocean Road is about 250 km long road that runs along the Australian coast between Geelong and Warrnambool in the state of Victoria runs. She is considered one of the most scenic routes for tourists in Australia. One study found that between 6.5 and 7.5 million annual visitors to the region of the Great Ocean Road coming and 2.4 to 2030 further million will be added. This road was on account of their historical and cultural significance 7th April 2011 as a national monument in the Australian National Heritage List on this day.
Before the Europeans in the territory of present-day Great Ocean Road invaded, there were two tribes of the Aborigines . The Watha Wurrung lived in the eastern end and the Gadubanud then goes west, almost to Warrnambool. As in Gadubanud area of Cape Otway, one of their women were abducted, killed in a skirmish the European captors. In revenge, the Europeans on the River Aire which perpetrated Blanket Bay massacre , seven Gadubanud, which is interpreted as a strategic measure to area cleanup and safety of the local lighthouses. Along the coastline there are historical waste pits of the Aborigines, their presence .
The idea of building a road along the south coast of Victoria dates back to 1864. This should be primarily a combination of the many coastal villages and fishing harbors along the coast by land, which had previously reached only by boat. Concrete plans for exploration and a possible course of the route, however, began only in 1918. 1919 with the construction of the road was begun. The work was carried out from 3000 returning veterans after the First World War . For the construction of this road was used both as a job creation scheme by the Victorian Government, on the other hand it was also the establishment of a war monument in memory of fallen comrades during the war.
Due to the special geographical and geological conditions of construction was very difficult and tedious. Thus the first section was between Torquay and Lorne completed in 1922. Next, followed by individual sections, which were built from the west. The last and most difficult section was the stretch between Apollo Bay and Lorne, which was completed in 1932. Thus, the construction is finished and the route passable for the first time consistently. One of the most famous rock formations of Australia is the Archway Iceland , a more than 25 meters high arch, on 10 June 2009 is collapsed.