The Grand Palace was the official residence of the kings of Siam (now Thailand ) in Bangkok since the end the 18th Century to the mid-20th Century. After the death of King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) in 1946 in the Palace decided Borom-Phiman King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX.) the relocation of the residence at the Chitralada Palace .
Only 15 years after the Burmese, the ancient capital Ayutthaya was destroyed, making the newly crowned King Phra Phuttayodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) because the glory of the Siamese kingdom back to life. He decided, on 6 May 1782 laid the foundation for a new palace on the eastern bank of the Maenam Chao Phraya to be set. It has staked a district north of there existing Potharam Wat (Wat Phra Chetuphon today, in short, Wat Pho ) and south of the former Wat Salak (Wat Mahathat today) was. The eastern bank of the river was originally very marshy, so that it had to be drained first. Even at the time of King Taksin to a narrow channel, the Lord was Khlong (“straw-channel”) dug. Where the new palace was planned already lived a community of wealthy Chinese merchants, who probably supported the former Wat Potharam. They were “invited” friendly to relocate their businesses, in the “Gardens”, a then uninhabited area outside the city, which is now called “Sampeng” known. Then, the first temporary building of the new palace of wood and fabric sheets are built.
The 10th June 1782 was determined as the auspicious date on which the king of the ancient palace of King Taksin, the Phra Raja Wang Derm, which in Thonburi directly next to the present Wat Arun , was ceremonially to take over the river, crossed to his new home. The entire area was heavily fortified, first by a wooden palisade surrounded. Later it was replaced by a 1.9 km long, high brick wall, which should shield the palace to the outside. The much-needed building materials such as bricks, were brought by ship from the ruined palace in Ayutthaya. The first phase was completed in 1785, so that the palace was inaugurated in a grand ceremony.
The entire system of the old royal palace, followed surprisingly closely to the blueprint of the short time before destroying Wang Luang (Royal Palace of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya ). The complex consists of an approximately 2.6-acre site on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River near the Royal Palace, the Sanam Luang . Here, various buildings and equipment are arranged, the most important being the Wat Phra Kaew , the Temple of the Emerald Buddha is.
The current buildings on the site are the result of ongoing construction activity since 1782, since that time, buildings were rebuilt, expanded, remodeled, renovated or torn down to make room for new plants. The first phase of construction was for the coronation of King Puttha Yotfa Chulaloke (Rama I) completed and on 13 June 2006 was inaugurated the newest building, the throne hall Borommaratchasathit Maholan .