The Golden Temple is the holiest of Sikh in Amritsar in the Indian state of Punjab . It was built by the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Arjun Dev , in the 16th Century and underwent further expansion (a golden dome) under Ranjit Singh in the 19th Century.
The temple is covered with gold leaf and is on an island in a lake, the Amrit Sarovar is called. The lake is surrounded by a temple palace complex. This ever to score on all four sides, which symbolizes the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. The temple itself during the time of day verses from the holy book recited. These songs are accompanied by music and be heard over the loudspeakers throughout the temple complex, creating an impressive atmosphere. The temple is always open and is visited daily by thousands of pilgrims, including not only Sihks. At night there the pilgrims for a maximum of three days is allowed to sleep under the arcades and in adjacent areas. In a neighboring building for this period even simple food is offered. According to the belief of the Sikhs, anyone who bathes in the holy water or drink it, his personal karma improve. The facility is well maintained and is wiped every day, even inside the temple with milk.
In the headlines of the temple came in 1984 through the proclamation of the State of Khalistan by radical Sikhs and the storming of the temple by soldiers of the Indian Army in Operation Blue Star . In response to the storming of the sanctuary and the murder of the Sikh leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was the Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards assassinated. On the first floor above the main entrance to a museum of Sikh history shows the suffering among the Hindus and Muslims since the 17th Century. In addition to weapons and paintings of the most important Sikhmärtyrer and gurus are shown. Special emphasis in the selection of the pictures was obviously put on the presentation of the various tortures of the past and the associated suffering of Sikhs.