Gabon – Gabon is in Africa. Bordering countries are Equatorial Guinea , Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. Officially the Republic of Gabon (in French: Gabonese Republic) is a state within the borders of the Central West of the partition of Africa with Equatorial Guinea to the north-west, Cameroon to the north, and with the Republic of the Congo curving around the east and south. The Gulf of Guinea, an arm of the Atlantic from east to west. It covers an area of about 270,000 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 1,500,000. The capital and largest city is Libreville.
Since its independence from France on 17 August 1960 Gabon has been led by three Presidents. In the 1990s, Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new democratic constitution, which allows a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Gabon is also a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2010-2011. The low population and abundant natural resources and foreign private investment have helped Gabon one of the wealthiest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with the highest HDI and GDP in the third largest per capita (PPP) (in Equatorial Guinea and Botswana) in the region.
Built in 1839 Louis-Edouard Bouet Willaumez French bases in Gabon. Gabon is a French colony in 1875. 1880 Count Pierre de Brazza Savorgnan conquered Middle Congo. In 1880er/1890er the French arrive in Chad and occupy the local Islamic empires (including Wadai). 1898 failed the long-running trial, French Equatorial Africa from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean extend, as the French at Fashoda on the Nile meet with the British. 1900 Battle of Kousseri. Victory of a French expedition led by Lamy on the troops of the Afro-Arab usurper Rabih b. Fadlallah. Brazzaville is the capital in 1910. In 1910 it comes to the conquest of Chad and Ubangi-Scharis. On 4 November 1911 are assigned to parts of the German colony of Cameroon (Neukamerun). On 30 November 1958, the colony from the four republics within the French Community. Gabon became independent in 1960.
Gabon was the country where the Nobel Prize winner Albert Schweitzer in the early 19th Century has opened his Jungelhospital, more precisely in Lambarene. Here he lived and practiced from 1913 to 1917 and from 1924 to 1965 in the jungle, only interrupted by an evacuation during the First World War. The statement that the tropical Jungelklima would be detrimental to the health of Europeans, he refuted by the attainment of a blessed age of 90 years.
Emergence of Gabon
In Central Africa, there were about 1885 French Congo and the countries of the Congo Free State. From the Congo Free State was later Belgian Congo. From French Congo was then French Equatorial Africa, next to the Congo and Cameroon. Later, the areas were more “distributed” new. Thus, from Belgian Congo, then Zaire (Kinshasa) and the small state of Congo (Brazzaville). Zaire is now the Democratic Republic of Congo today.
From the states of Cameroon and French Equatorial Africa, then the state of Gabon has been formed. So, Gabon was one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa. French Equatorial Africa (1890 – 1903), Gabon, French Equatorial Africa from within (1903 – 1910), and then Gabon (1910 – 1960). Gabon gained independence in 1960 and was still politically very stable. Population: 1.3 million inhabitants. Tribal organization as per Census 1993: catch 26%, 24% Punu, Nzebi 11%, 8% Teke, Kota 7%, 7% Myene, Pygmies 0.5%. Growth rate: 2.13% / year (2006). The capital is Libreville with approximately 580,000 inhabitants. Libreville is located about 40 km as the crow flies north of the equator. GDP per head: about 5588 €
In Libreville lives about ¼ of the population of Gabon. Justified from the French colonial period we speak so there. Education is compulsory in Gabon, but not in our sense. The language of the locals are Equatorial Bantu languages, mainly fishing and Nzebi. The catch, the largest population group are originally from the area of the Southern and Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni) and the north-western part of Gabon. In addition to Libreville than larger cities only Franceville, Port Gentil and Lambaréné mentioned. 90% of the country consists of forests, in the truest sense of the word.
Lufthansa flies 5 times a week from Frankfurt directly to Libreville.
Culture and Media
Gabonese music is at least in comparison with regional giants like the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon known. The country has a variety of folk styles, as well as pop stars like Annie and patience Dabany Batchiellilys Flore, Gabonese singer and renowned live performer. Also known are guitarists like Georges Oyendze, The Rose and Sylvain Avara Mbadou, and the singer Oliver N’Goma. Imported rock and hip hop from the U.S. and UK are very popular in Gabon, like rumba, soukous and are Makossa.
Folk instruments include the Obala of Gabon, the ngombi, balafon and traditional percussion. A country with a predominantly oral tradition to the spread of literacy in the 21st Century, Gabon is rich in folklore and mythology. “The Raconteurs” are currently in the traditions alive as mvett under the fangs and ingwala under Nzebis.
Gabon has an internationally renowned masks as n’goltang (catcher) and numbers relicary of Kota. Each group has its own set of masks used for various reasons. They are mainly used in traditional ceremonies such as marriage, birth and burial. Traditionalists mainly work with rare local woods and other precious materials.
Radio Broadcasting Television Gabon (RTG), which is owned and operated by the government, issues in French and Aboriginal languages. Color television was introduced in major cities. In 1981 began a commercial radio station Africa No. 1 operations. The radio station’s strongest on the continent, it has the participation of French and Gabonese governments and private European media. In 2004, the government has succeeded were two radio stations and seven other private.
There were also two television stations and four private government. In 2003 there were an estimated 488 308 radios and television sets per 1,000 inhabitants. Some 11.5 of every 1,000 people subscribe to cable. In 2003, there were 22.4 personal computers per 1,000 people and 26 people in 1000 had access to the Internet. The national press is the news agency of Gabon, which publishes a daily newspaper, the Gabon-Matin (circulation 18,000 in 2002). The Union in Libreville, the state-controlled daily newspaper, had an average daily circulation of 40,000 in 2002. The weekly Gabon released today by the Department of Communications. There are about nine private journals, which are independent or affiliated to political parties. They publish in small numbers and are often delayed due to financial constraints. The Constitution of Gabon to the freedom of speech and a free press and the government supports these rights. Several regular active criticize the government and foreign publications are widely available.
A valid yellow fever vaccination is required for entry. Occasionally, a cholera vaccination certificate is required as the border for entry. Medical care is nationally recognized for serious diseases or injuries are not sufficient. More serious diseases should therefore be treated in Europe and South Africa. There is a high malaria risk exists throughout the country.
Mostly tropical climate, 100% humidity and about 28-32 degrees temperature. Near the coast the weather is more temperate, tropical inland.
Groups-should or photographing individuals, particularly the Islamic faith, without the prior permission of the individual concerned shall be under any circumstances, be as it may trigger aggressive behavior.