Fuerteventura is one of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, about 120 kilometers west of the Moroccan coast. With an area of 1659.74 square kilometers, it has a share of 22.15 percent of the total land area of the Canary Islands, so it is after Tenerife’s second biggest island of the archipelago. Fuerteventura has 104 072 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011). The capital is Puerto del Rosario, which is also the international airport of Fuerteventura is located. The official language is Spanish.
Fuerteventura is the island located about 11.5 kilometers north of Lanzarote, the eastern boundary of the Canary Islands. Fuerteventura is one of Lanzarote and Gran Canaria, the Spanish province of Las Palmas. President of the island’s government González Mario Cabrera of the Coalition Canaria.
Fuerteventura is the oldest island of the Canaries, it was about 20.6 million years ago and is of volcanic origin. The majority of the island mass was about 5 million years ago and has since been strongly influenced by wind and rain eroded. The last volcanic activity in Fuerteventura lapsed before 4000-5000 years. The highest point in Fuerteventura is the mountain Pico de la Zarza (807 m), and Pico de Jandia called on the same peninsula.
In the north-east of the island you will find (at Corralejo) large sand dune fields (dunes) that leave the vicinity of the Canary Islands to northern Africa are very graphic (Parque Natural de Corralejo). The sand is, however, largely from crushed seafood shells (shells, snail shells). In some places there are also limestone formations from the former sea bed, the erosion as well as the black volcanic remains strong and contribute their share to the most speckled sand.
The island reached between the northern and southwestern tip of a length of nearly 100 kilometers and at its widest point 31 kilometers. The Istmo de la Pared is five kilometers wide, the narrowest part of Fuerteventura and the island is divided into two parts: the northern part Maxorata, after the original islanders majoreros states, and the southern peninsula of Jandia. The island area of some 1,700 square kilometers, compared to other Canary Islands, with 54 inhabitants per square kilometer sparsely populated.
Although today the population is concentrated in the tourist-oriented towns on the coast, the seats of local government with the exception of the capital Puerto del Rosario is in a comparatively small island inside the historic places.