Ethiopia – Ethiopia (also Abyssinia ) is located in East Africa . Bordering countries are Eritrea , Djibouti , Somalia , Kenya and Sudan.
Who visited Ethiopia should be clear that Ethiopia is among the 10 poorest countries in the world. Ethiopia has the following main issues:
Politically unstable -> opposition has clearly gained seats in 2005. The incumbent president, however, remained in power ever since and steers off with foreign policy.
Foreign policy -> wars are not uncommon. 2005/06 Massive troop movements and great danger of war with Eritrea.
Military -> In Addis Ababa, many soldiers are stationed, to crush the uprising bloodily. Furthermore, in remote areas, many former war veterans as active rebels who cut off the land. (Poaching, attacks on buses)
Famine -> Ethiopia is also affected by drought and over again and resulting famines. On the other hand, there are also areas with food surpluses. This can not be transported in the regions affected by famine due to poor infrastructure.
Among other things, fly Ethiopian Airlines, Lufthansa and Yemenia from Frankfurt. Most Yemenia has the best prices. The only international airport in the country is the Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa. Recently, Turkish Airlines offers excellent connections from various German airports (ie Hanover ) via Istanbul 30kg at very good prices, including at least baggage. It is also worth looking at EgyptAir Emirates or, as sometimes there are flights from Frankfurt, Munich or Berlin (or Cairo via Dubai) to the 500 €.
The only railway line was under French management, 1894 – built in 1917. It leads from the neighboring country of Djibouti through Dire Dawa to Addis Ababa. However, the tracks in such poor condition that for some years the train service was eigestellt. In Addis Ababa, the Railways are already overbuilt with corrugated iron shacks. Traveling by train is therefore excluded in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia has with each of its neighboring countries, border crossing points. However, the transitions to Eritrea are closed round for the tensions between the countries at the time. Otherwise, one must remember only that the vehicle must be performed again, otherwise an import tax is due, which can be up to 150% of the original.
Since Ethiopia is landlocked, there is no way for the ship to enter the country.
-Addis Ababa – capital with about 3 million inhabitants
-Awasa – bigger city on Awasasee
-Arba Minch – (translated ‘forty springs’) on Abaya and Chamo place, the beginning of the Nech Sar National Park
The mobility has greatly limited if you have no car. Travel within Ethiopia are now relatively confortable, compared to the “public transport” (mini-buses and trucks). There are daily connections between Mekele and Addis with the Salam bus ( ticket office at Meskel Square, AA ). Even more convenient is the SkyBus ( ticket office in Taitu Hotel Piazza, AA ), which also starts up every day several major cities such as: Gondor (approx. 12 hours) Bahir Dar (approx. 9 hours) Jimma / Southern Ethiopia (hours?) . The tickets cost plus minus 250 Birr (~ 14 €) and you have a seat that you do not have to share with two other passengers.
In the taxi ride into Addis always first ask for the price, because the driver wants it then at least half will end up being ripped off is not quite as strong as usual Anything else in general: the “bescheissen a” happy in the way that they as say “fourteen” and then “forty” want. Since helping either say “one four,” or learn the amaharischen numbers.
It is advisable to drive minibus anyway, since you will not be begged so many times and it’s always quite nice conversations with the Mitfahreneden. These also help a further and most fit to ensure that they will not shoot at.
Domestic flights with Ethiopian Airlines cost the equivalent of between 50-100 €, which saves a lot of time but it can not enjoy the landscape Sun.
The official language is Amharic. The school is located in the higher classes in English. Communication in English is therefore (especially in cities) is not a problem, however, is not the level of spoken English as much as the fact it could be expected.
Furthermore, local languages are in use. In the parts Muslim and at the border with Sudan is partly Arabic (as a foreign language) is spoken. To learn Amaharisch are available in bookshops in Addis affordable books (3 € or so) are so far quite handy, since the Ethiopic script is shown. Also, make sure that you are always careful how different words are pronounced.
Ethiopia is known for its leather products. Diesbezgüglich you can buy cheap quality leather jackets-1A from 60 EUR. In addition, it also offers coffee and honey to take home. Flowers are now become the largest export. But gold, fruits and teff are exported. When shopping, you have to make sure that if you ask in English, always paid more than if you ask to amaharisch. Also ask for a white man more than a black. An example: The price for a pair of shoes I could be traded down to 100 Birr of 350. It is very funny when you see the second hand clothing from Germany, which is sold here there are also some rarities out there.
As a staple food and virtually every meal will be served the meal derived from the grain teff grass-like plate-sized pita bread Injerra. Acting as an “edible” plates, as is eaten in Ethiopia with his right hand, it replaces the cutlery. For this purpose, various sauces, Watts called, served, prepared in different vegetable and meat-containing versions.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Church forbids Wednesdays and Fridays to eat meat. On these days is mostly eaten lentils, and also basically only eats meat, it can afford. Ethiopian women also prepare savory sauces to mainly two with plenty of melted butter, poultry or lamb meat, vegetables or legumes are cooked Alicha – from onions, turmeric, cumin, garlic and ginger. Of red and black pepper, garlic, onions, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, fennel seeds, coriander and ginger is prepared especially for beef, Wat. This sauce is not only incredibly sharp, but they taste great too.