Ellora , a village in the Indian state of Maharashtra , is famous for his – since 1983 UNESCO – World Heritage Site belonging – complex from 34 cave temples . Ellora is located approximately 30 kilometers northwest of Aurangabad , and from there by bus or taxi to reach. Unlike in the remote and in the 6th or 7 Century abandoned Ajanta crossed at Ellora two trade routes – a north-south, the other east-west direction, the place was so both for dealers and for pilgrims easily accessible and offered a variety of distractions by spectacular architecture with rich sculptural decoration, religious ceremonies and semi-religious festivals. In the immediate vicinity of settled merchants, craftsmen, and booths of all kinds, so that the place formerly probably a solid ground possible.
The total investment was between the 5th and 11 Century AD – that is compared to other cave monasteries comparatively late – as part of the Deccan architecture from a 2 km long from southeast to northwest trending basaltic rock wall knocked out. This rock wall with overhangs and small natural caves offered early hermits or small groups of monks protection and refuge in times of heavy monsoon rains , they also held during attacks of wild animals ( tigers ) or predatory bandits back free. In natural rock pools, and later in artificial tanks began to live the necessary water.
As the number of monks also took the donations, endowments and gifts to more and more pilgrims. More and more new buildings were first used by migrating, but later built by local masons and have always rich with sculptures and paintings. With the advance of Islam and the associated blockage or diversion of trade routes ended the heyday of Ellora.