The city of Eindhoven lies in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. Eindhoven was on a slightly raised area at the confluence of the rivers Dommel and Gender on a trade route from Holland to Liège established in 1232 and has won city – and market rights by the Count Hendrik I of Brabant, but remained quite insignificant in the first centuries.
For 1388 the defenses of the city were expanded and 1413-1420, a new castle built inside the city walls. 1486 Eindhoven was plundered and burned. The reconstruction and the construction of a new palace lasted until 1502nd But already in 1543 Eindhoven fell again: the defenses were not maintained because of the prevailing poverty. A great fire destroyed about three quarters of 1554 houses. These were, however, with the support of William of Orange established already 1560.
The present city of Eindhoven was formed by the merging of the parishes Eindhoven, Woensel, Strijp, Tongelre, Gestel and stratum as a result of industrial development in 1900, when the light bulb factory Philips attracted more and more workers. Later on, even the automobile manufacturer DAF contribution to expansion of the city.
During the Second World War the city was an important objective during Operation Market Garden. Heavy bombing of the Western Allies destroyed large parts of the city. In the subsequent reconstruction are very few historic buildings have been preserved. An example of modern architecture, Eindhoven, the museum, built in 1966 as Evoluon , conference building and now no longer visit.
Nowadays Eindhoven is a little more than 200,000 inhabitants, the fifth largest city in the Netherlands and is regarded as a technology center in the south of the country. By the students of the Technical University of Eindhoven and Eindhoven by some high schools have a relatively low average age.