Dublin is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland. The Irish name is Baile Átha Cliath. The German translation is “city on the hurdle ford”. Obsolete is Dubhlinn, “Black pool” or “Black Swamp”. Dublin is located on the east coast of the island of Ireland, at the mouth of the River Liffey in Dublin Bay. Dublin is an average of 20 meters above sea level.
The name Dublin is the English form of Dubh Linn (Irish for “black pool”), and was taken over by the Vikings for their own village. Now is the modern Irish name of the city Cliath Baile Átha (for Irish city at the ford of reed hurdles ), which refers to the year 988, founded by King Mael Sechnaill II settlement of the said black pools that are actually in the town of Dubh Linn bordered.
Within the city limits officially live about 500,000 inhabitants. In the Dublin region (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), which includes the suburbs and satellite towns, as well as some more rural regions of the former Dublin County includes approximately 1.2 million people live. In the Greater Dublin Area 1.05 million live (CSO Census 2006), includes this area, the city including the suburbs in the counties of Fingal, South Dublin and Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, but not the rural areas.
The Liffey divides Dublin into the northern part (North Side) and the rather make the South (Southside), this division has become less sharp than in previous decades. The city receives its structure by the cross from the River Liffey, with its many bridges and the main axis of O’Connell Street – Grafton Street, Harcourt Street. Here, the department stores, but are also the Trinity College with its famous library and the municipal park in St. Stephen’s Green. The streets in the typical Georgian style to be found mainly in the area around Merrion Square, near the National Gallery and the seat of state government (Leinster House), at St. Stephen’s Green, but also on the north side of Mountjoy Square. Enclosed is the area of the North Circular Road and the South Circular Road. Outside the city are the residential neighborhoods, some of which still have a very uniform style, the classic working-class neighborhood Cabra consists of long rows of tiny houses made of brick, Marino is an example on the drawing board designed middle-class settlement, predominate in Beaumont, the semi-detached, the semi-detached houses.
A new landmark of the city is built in 2003, Spire designed by British architect Ian Ritchie next to the main Post Office in O’Connell Street, a 123-meter high stainless steel column, which tapers from a diameter of 3 meters at the base up to 15 centimeters in tapers lighted at night peak. Of the Dubliners, the Spire like to jokingly as “the largest toothpick in the world”.