Democratic Republic of the Congo – The Democratic Republic of Congo until 1960, the Belgian Congo, Zaire from 1971 to 1997, is located in Central Africa. After the end of Belgian colonial rule in 1960 the country has a rich future had been predicted. But under the dictatorship of Mobutu, the country slid into economic misery at first and then go to war. After over 30 years of autocratic rule Laurent Kabila overthrew on 17 Potaten May 1997 and took over power.
From him, the people hoped for improvements in the Congo. But they stopped and Kabila was the victim of an attack. Only then was the way clear for fair presidential elections in 2006, which went from his son, Joseph Kabila, who emerged victorious. The DR Congo is a rich country. The large deposits of diamonds, for example, uranium, oil, copper and cobalt have brought the country but no prosperity. Just the raw material wealth was often the trigger for war and violence. Also increase if exports mainly to Belgium, China and Chile again and commodity prices are rising, the trade balance remains negative. This is due to the illegal mining of raw materials and the lack of a manufacturing industry. The economy is growing at a very low level by six to seven percent. The inflation rate is high, in 2007 she was 17%. The State (1965-1997) under the Mobutu government amassed several billion dollars in debt and was now virtually without international assistance and development cooperation bankrupt.
For those arriving in the Democratic Republic of Congo so you need your passport with valid visa, vaccination certificate with a valid yellow fever vaccination. KFW staff, which can have a service passport, first a visa service to issue a tourist visa can be different. This visa is issued in Germany in Kinshasa, then replaced by a long-term visa. Since applying for a visa can take on its own initiative, very long time, should be best for a visa – Procurement Company (CIBIT) to instruct. These are reliable and able for a fee of 20, – € obtain the visa in less than 1 week.
Besides the official language French is available in each province an official African language. To the east is the Swahili, Chiluba in Kasai, in the center of Kinshasa Lingala and Kikongo and the West. In addition, more than 200 local languages are spoken.
In the DRC there are so many different languages. However, four main languages are different. Lingala is one of the major languages and, like the other languages than French are spoken.
You should drink tap water under any circumstances. Most diseases are water-induced. In the supermarket you can find water bottles. Depending on the brand, prices varierren very strong. Inexpensive and recommended in the supermarket “shelf” offered water brand “Pure Canadian”. You can also bring a water filter from Europe and filter the water (there are various models, eg Katadin) or boil the water twice.
Furthermore, one should not forget vaccinations. The following vaccinations are recommended by the Health Service of the Foreign Office: protection against tetanus, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B during long-term stay, rabies, meningococcal meningitis, typhoid fever. A valid yellow fever vaccination is required for entry. A big problem and a major threat to all is the widespread HIV virus dar. particular sex but also unclean syringes and needles and blood transfusions can pose a lethal risk. By consistently mosquito repellent, covering clothing, behavior can be avoided to some extent, most dangerous diarrhea and many infections, such as dengue fever and malaria.