The Cuyabano Wildlife Reserve covers 665 800 ha and is located in the Amazon – Rainforest provinces of Sucumbios and Napo in Ecuador. The reserve is named after the river Cuyabeno named and bounded north by Colombia and east of Peru . He was expelled in 1979 with the purpose of both the flora and fauna of the area to receive as a kind of sanctuary for living here indigenous peoples of the Siona and Secoya provide. The reserve is accessible via Lago Agrio by destroying jungle to El Puente and the local park center with canoe along the Cuyabeno River to various camps ( lodges ), which is near the Laguna Grande (dt lagoon are located). The boundaries of the protected area are threatened by oil exploration.
The Ecuadorian Amazon region is hot, humid and rainy. The temperature is 23 ° C to 26 ° C. At altitudes between 180 m and 300 m and annual rainfall 3000-4000 mm, the humidity 85 to 95%. In the tropical rain forest, there is a species-rich vegetation, with plants such as palms, bromeliads , Ceibos , heliconias , Macrolobium , wild roses and orchids . Many are used by the native Indians medically. So far, against 60 different orchid species and 240 tree species recorded in the reserve, along with over 560 different bird species and over 350 different fish species.
Commonly observed species include various species of birds (hoatzin, parrots and kingfishers), monkeys ( anteater , marmoset , tamarin monkeys), caimans , piranhas , turtles, bugs and poisonous dart frogs . freshwater dolphins , armadillos and anacondas are sighted occasionally. The river system includes the rivers Aguarico , San Miguel and Cuyabeno with its tributaries. Along the Cuyabeno is a system of 14 black water lagoons , which are formed by floods in the rainy season, the lowland rain forest of April to July. They are typical of the rainy season and dry during the dry season from December to March, almost completely.