Costa Rica is in Central America. Bordering countries are Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. For nature lovers, Costa Rica – rightly – a paradise. The country is known for its biodiversity, and includes twelve different zones of vegetation, including mangroves and wetlands, rain, fog and dry forest and the páramo, an alpine plateau over 3,000 meters in height. With a land area available for over a quarter of a nature reserve and is an incidence of approximately 5% of all known species in Costa Rica, the richest country in the world. In addition to live here a tenth of all bird species.
These types of wealth, the country owes to its location at the junction between two continents. On the coasts and estuaries will be brackish water areas, where mangroves thrive. These plants offer a number of species an ideal living space – even if they do not look particularly attractive. Crocodiles, many birds, reptiles and amphibians and small mammals can be found here. In the wetlands of Costa Rica is home to many birds, crocodiles, monkeys and other animals. During the rainy season, the wetlands flooded regularly in the dry season, however they are huge mudflats dar. The most complex ecosystem on earth, the rain forest. About 50 percent of all known species live in rain forests.
There are 13 types of rain forests, including the classics, the tropical lowland rain forest. The tropical lowland rain forest consists of several floors. Only a small percentage of the sun, about 10 percent reached the forest floor. For this reason only undemanding plants live here, we call this floor and the bottom layer. The next floor, called the understory is occupied by low and young trees. The middle class is found then medium high trees from five to 20 meters. The upper floor is characterized by giant trees, 20 to 40 feet tall and produce large leaf crowns. These form a thick, green roof, isolated from the giant trees, so-called “stand over” stand out. These giant trees can reach heights of 60 meters or more. The real lowland rain forest can be admired in the best region in the Golfo Dulce. In addition to the lowland rain forest, there are also mountain and mist forests. Other than this, in the north of Costa Rica would be a dry forest. Here, the species composition is significantly lower, the trees are usually no higher than 15 meters. Dry forests are composed of three floors, the floor consisting of shrubs and grass, the lower story, consisting of trees and shrubs and the upper floor with a large, open canopy. As already mentioned, the fauna of Costa Rica is very diverse. Most species live in tropical rain forest: monkeys, birds, insects, reptiles and amphibians – as well as large and small mammals.
The official language is Spanish , and just for closer contact with local people, it is advantageous to control at least a few sentences. However, English tourists in the densely-developed areas is widespread and a lot of information for tourists find themselves in both languages or in English only. On the Caribbean coast to Puerto Limon and the locals speak among themselves a dialect based on English, Creole-English.
Costa Rica offers both for sport and recreation seekers an incredibly diverse program. Who raked however, white sand beach a la Maldives expected, will be disappointed, here are expecting a mostly unspoiled beaches that are suitable for a variety of water activities. Swimming can be equally applicable to the Caribbean or Pacific side, the water is almost always warm. In some places there are dangerous currents, please inquire you always know where you can swim safely.
Surfing is also almost everywhere – the best on the Pacific Coast (popular in the North: Malpaís / Santa Teresa , Jaco , Tamarindo , Hermosa , in the South: Dominical , but also to the south of Puerto Viejo on the Caribbean side, there are very good places recommended for wind surfers. the Lake Arenal, it is not suitable for beginners. sailing and motor boat? No problem, just as deep sea fishing . For The Deep Sea Fishing is suited to the Pacific side is better, and here especially the Gulf of Nicoya and Golfo Dulce. The Golfo Dulce is relatively low , here are a lot of game fish like blue marlin, sailfish and others find. Apart from this there are lots of dolphins and the big, harmless whale sharks.
The great diving paradise, Costa Rica is not. On the other hand, there are on the Pacific, as well as on the Caribbean coast, some good diving and snorkeling sites . Two world-class diving sites, however, should not go unmentioned: [Isla del Coco] (Coconut Island), although almost 500 kilometers wide in the Pacific and the [Isla del Cano] in front of Drake Bay.
Kayaking can be by means of a coastal kayak almost anywhere. Here, too, again on the Golfo Dulce, with its calm waters and fantastic nature. Of course you can also drive along the many rivers in Costa Rica kayaking. A little adventure is the river rafting . Here you befährst a dinghy a more or less wild river that is suitable for beginners.
Hiking and trekking can be done anywhere in Costa Rica. Since lend themselves to unite the different mountains and volcanoes, on the other hand you have the choice between savannah in the north-west, cloud forests in Monteverde, tropical rain forests on the Caribbean side and the vast lowland rainforest in the Golfo Dulce region. About a quarter of the small country’s national parks and protected areas. Importance of rain, sun and insect protection, a calf-high, comfortable walking shoes and possibly a pair of binoculars.
Riding can also be anywhere in the country, with or without a guide. Tennis and golf are not as common, as opposed to Canopy. When Canopy is suspended on a steel cable between the treetops of the rain and cloud forest – whether you there, however – due to high marketing – can still enjoy the flora and fauna, is doubtful. Cycling is very common in Costa Rica, in many places one can rent bikes. But beware: avoid after dark busy road – an accident.
Tourists are allowed in Costa Rica do not hunt , weapons may be introduced. Fishing is possible with a license that you get from your lodge or your travel agent.