Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and the cultural and economic center of the country. The city is the seat of the Parliament (Folketing), the government and the Queen. Copenhagen is one of the most important cities of northern Europe and is a popular tourist destination. The Municipality of Copenhagen has 539 542 inhabitants, the city in the strict sense (comprising the municipalities Copenhagen, Frederiksberg and Gentofte) 710 038, the contiguous area of settlement (“byområde”) to Copenhagen, Hovedstadsområdet called 1199224 (as of 1 January 2011). The municipality and the city belongs to the Danish Administrative Region Capital Region, Hovedstadsområdet includes a large part of this region extends, but also partly in the neighboring region of Sealand (Greve beach in the municipality of Greve).
On average, the city was called Danish Køpmannæhafn, which is translated as “merchant harbor” or “port of the merchants’ and thus the importance of merchants in the Middle Ages expresses. In 1043 the village was the first time as Havn mentioned – in parallel with the expression lateinisierten Hafnia for “harbor”.
Today’s foreign-language name of the city are: Köpenhamn (Swedish), in English, Copenhagen, in Icelandic Kaupmannahöfn, in German and Dutch Copenhagen, the Polish Kopenhaga, the Czech Kodan, the Finnish Kööpenhamina, the Estonian Kopenhaagen and in French, Spanish and Portuguese Copenhague.