Comoros Island Tourism – The Comoros, officially since 2001, the Union of Comoros ) form a federal island nation in the Indian Ocean at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel between Mozambique and Madagascar . They include three of the four main islands of Komorenarchipels . These are Grande Comore (Njazidja), Anjouan (Anjouan), Moheli (Mwali) and some smaller islands. The fourth main island of Mayotte (Mahoré) is overseas department of France and is also claimed by the Union.
The Comoros have been independent from France in 1975 and has since experienced a checkered history of coups and secession attempts. Their estimated 614 000 inhabitants are of mixed, mainly of East African and Arab descent and mostly Muslims. The country’s name from the Arabic al-Qamar Dschuzur ( جزر القمر ) derived, which means something like “Moon Island”.
The largest cities are (as of 1 January 2005), Moroni (42 872 inhabitants), Mutsamudu (23 594 inhabitants), Fomboni (14 966 inhabitants), Domoni (14 509 inhabitants) and Tsémbehou (11 552 inhabitants).
Natural Area of Comoros Island
The archipelago of the Comoros stands on an oceanic ridge. All islands are volcanic in origin and have a mountainous relief . Volcanic mountains with deeply furrowed slopes, plateaus, hills and narrow coastal strip mostly characterize the landscape. The coasts of the islands are mostly rocky and coral reefs lined. In the center of the main island of Grande Comore is the 2361 meter high active volcano, Karthala , which owns the world’s biggest crater of all volcanoes. The last major eruption occurred in 1977, this was a village overrun by the lava. In early 2005 there was a smaller outbreak that took place without explosion or Lavaaustritt. Only after the eruption ash covered a considerable part of the volcano. In late May 2006, the volcano overlaid the capital Moroni with a cloud of dust and smoke, which led to local evacuations.
The tropical -maritime climate is in response to only small temperature variations. The average temperature of the coldest months (July / August) is 22 ° C, the warmest months (February / March) at 27 ° C. Between May and October there is the dry southeast trade winds from November to April, the rain-bringing northwest monsoon . Moist ester month is January. Depending on altitude, 1000-4000 mm of annual precipitation to be registered. In the hot season often tropical cyclones move over the islands.
Getting to Comoros Island
On Grande Comore, there is an international airport which is served by several airlines. Among other things, Emirates, Kenyan Airways, Yemen Airways and Turk Airways fly to the Comoros, which do not meet all of the listed airlines with international standards.
There are freighters traveling from Madagascar and Zanzibar, the Comoros. The ride is cheaper than flying, but the timetables are handled very flexible. You have to ask locally and negotiate a price. With good negotiation skills does one perhaps to less than 100 €.
Flora and Fauna in Comoros Island
The original vegetation – dense tropical rain forest with valuable timber species – is strongly suppressed and almost entirely preserved at higher elevations. plantations and savannas dominate the landscape today. In lowlands are mainly coconut palms , banana and mango trees in front. The coasts are part of mangrove covered. The land fauna is relatively poor in species and shows similarity to that of Madagascar . There are rare bird and turtle species , and only one here encountered Halbaffenart , the Mongozmaki . The coastal waters along the coral reefs are rich in contrast, many aquatic animals. A special feature is the coelacanth in 1938 was off the Comoros for the first time a representative of that until then only as a fossil known species caught.
Language and Education
The official languages are French and Arabic. The Comoros is closely related to Swahili. There are on each island has its own dialect, but which are among well understood (with the exception of the dialect on the largest island of Grande Comore, which has developed through the more intensive contacts with the Swahili-speaking Zanzibar something different. Without sufficient knowledge of French an communication is not possible in the Comoros.
After gaining independence and the elimination of poor French teacher education teacher training and quality was affected. Since the 1975 Education Reform is a compulsory education of eight years and included therein is the two-year-old Koran school for preschool children. The illiteracy rate is estimated at 50%.
Respect in Comoros Island
The Comoros are a strong Islamic-oriented country. Travellers will be expected to adapt to the rules of conduct and morals of the majority of the population. In the city should not shorts, mini skirts or dresses cut to be worn. The consumption of alcohol in public is prohibited.