Ciudad Perdida or the lost city is located in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia and is next to Machu Picchu, rediscovered one of the largest pre-Columbian cities of South America. The ruined city lies about 40 km southeast of Santa Marta midst of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the upper valley of the Río Buritaca, covers an area of about 2 square kilometers and consists of approximately 200 oval and circular terraces, partly through the steep, partly by flat stone paths are connected together, wherein the height difference of the individual terraces is up to twelve meters. The now exposed part of the city lies between 900 and 1200 m above sea level.
The majority of the city was between the 11th and 16th Century building, although the actual origins are older. The population size was estimated to be 2000-8000 members of the indigenous people’s weddings Tairona, the city had to give up shortly after the arrival of the Spaniards because of the spread of disease. The Spaniards themselves have entered the trade in spite of the Tairona the city before.
It was not until 1975 , the “Lost City” was by grave robbers plundered and rediscovered. Thereafter, during the boom period (1960-1980) of cannabis sativa in the region on the platforms of the city of marijuana grown. A year later, the Colombian government sent an archaeological expedition to protect the city from further destruction. Today is located in the city a permanent archeological base. A small portion of the remaining artifacts can be seen in Cartagena in the Museo de Oro in Santa Marta to see the local Museo de Oro.