Chengdu is the capital of the Chinese province of Sichuan and one of the 15 sub-provincial cities in the country. The Chinese short name is Rong. The city has 10.44 million inhabitants, of which approximately 4.52 million in the nine municipalities (1 January 2005). Chengdu is located next to Chongqing become the economic center of western China. In 2006, the city was, according to China Daily on the fourth place of the most livable cities in China.
Chengdu is located in eastern Sichuan Province, in the plane of the Red Basin and is the Fǔhé , a derivative of the Minjiang (岷江) flows. The sub-provincial city of Chengdu has achieved through the repeated merging of smaller administrative units of its present size. The east-west extension of the city region is 192 km, the north-south extent of 166 km. The closer the city (or district without counties) has a population of 4.52 million.
The population consists mostly of Han Chinese . In a relatively small scale, there are Uyghur , Tibetans and members of minority groups such as the southwestern Yi . It is the Sichuanese dialect ( 四川话 ; Pinyin : sìchuānhuà) of Chinese spoken. In Chengdu, it is only since 1988, again a Daoist temple, compared to 100 Daoist temples before the founding of the PRC.