Chavin de Huantar is an archaeological site in Peru. She has given the name of a culture that stretched over time between 850 BC to 200 BC, but never formed a geographic center. Rather, it is likely that this place was at the intersection of the connection from the mountains to the coast and the route from north to south. The site is located near the town of Huaraz , 500 km from Lima , located in the north of Peru . The culture spread both in the highlands as well as from along the coastal region and has influenced many subsequent cultures.
Chavín was actually what is still unknown. The plant is considered the oldest stone building in Peru. The stone blocks of granite are from Kahuish pass and became the rainy season herangeflößt. It includes several buildings with a variety of platforms and courtyards, some of which are connected by underground passages. The main building, by the Spaniards mistakenly “Castillo”, is a three-story, square pyramid , with a side length of 70 m and a height of about 15 m. To guard against earthquakes , the side walls are inclined by 7 degrees. Inside is a maze of small rooms, stairs and ramps, which are connected by underground passages and have horizontal ventilation ducts. The walls were decorated with stone heads, some of which are well preserved or restored. archaeologists believe that they are representations of victims or captured enemies. The stone reliefs showing cats (possibly jaguars ) in connection with snakes and condors.
In the center of the building is the 4.5-meter-high monolith “El Lanzon,” a human-designed image of God, which is located at the intersection of cross-shaped galleries. The figure in the shape of a knife with the handle pointing up, a predator’s face with numerous snakes between the teeth. At the ends of hair and even snakes from the belt hanging down. The monolith is the oldest character that was found in the area. Much younger is the Raimondi Stela and the Tello Obelisk, which is now in the Archaeological Museum in Lima are located. The presented subjects are similar, however. Julio Tello, a Peruvian archaeologist, came to the view that different cultures Chavin to the Incas in a religious ideology united.
This culture did simple techniques for processing gold. Snake-shaped pieces of jewelry and gold nuggets in the form of stylized feline motifs were found. Ceramics and textile products also have predatory motives.