The Chapada Diamantina National Park is a nature reserve in the Brazilian state of Bahia. The park extends over an area of 154,000 hect ares and is comprised of tropical forests, a 60 meter deep more located in a cave and the 80 meter high waterfall Cachoeira da Fumaça. The fauna includes parrots, deer and rodents, including capybaras. The park is located in the eponymous area near the city Lençóis and is managed by the Instituto Chico Mendes da Conservação the Biodiversidade.
In the vicinity of the park were from 1844 diamonds won. After the diamond fields became exhausted leaving a large part of the clouds in the region. As a result, the flora and fauna in the park freely. In 1985, a part of the area which belongs to the park because of the efforts of a Dutch conservationist by then President Sarney declare a protected area.