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Australia

Australia is the smallest of the seven continents of the world. It has an area of 8.5 million square kilometers, and an estimated population of 31.26 million. It is comprised of three countries — Australia, Papua New Guinea, and some parts of Indonesia.

Because most of the continent’s landmass is occupied by the country of Australia, which is the sixth largest country in the world with an area of 7.74 square kilometers, the continent is often called an “island continent.” The continent borders the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, and has a coastline that measures 25,760 kilometers.

According to archaeologists, Australia used to be connected to Antarctica millions of years ago, and this super landmass is known as Gondwana. When the Indo-Australian Plate started to drift, Antarctica was separated from the super continent, but Australia and New Guinea remained intact. By the end of the last age, sea levels rose and resulted to the separation of Tasmania and New Guinea from the mainland.

Australia is the flattest and lowest continent, and together with Antarctica, it also is the driest. Australia’s highest point is Mount Kosciuszko, located in New South Wales in the Australian mainland. It is 2.228 kilometers above sea level. The lowest point is Lake Eyre’s dry bed, located in South Australia, and it measures 15 meters below sea level.

About a fifth of Australia’s land area is desert. The rate and frequency of rainfall varies, with the tropical portions and many coastal locales experiencing the highest intensities. Some areas are abundant with tropical rainforests, some with deserts, and the others with snow-capped mountains.

Bunbury, Australia

June 14, 2012

Bunbury is a city in the Australian state of Western Australia (Western Australia).Bunbury is the second largest city in Western Australia, is the center of the outer south-west of Australia, the South West region . It lies about 180 km south of Perth and 370 kilometers west of Albany near the mouth of the Collie […]

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Broome, Australia

June 6, 2012

Broome is one of the Indian Ocean coast city situated in the region of Kimberley , in northern Western Australia . It lies about 2,200 km from Perth .Broome was founded in 1883. It was named after the then governor of the colony of Western Australia, Frederick Broome . When it became known that on […]

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Townsville, Australia

June 6, 2012

Townsville is an Australian city with about 143,000 inhabitants in northern Queensland on the east coast of Australia , 1112 km northwest of Brisbane south and 285 km from Cairns . It is the seat of the same local government area (LGA) Townsville City . Townsville is protected behind the Great Barrier Reef ( Great […]

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Hamilton Island, Queensland, Australia

June 1, 2012

Hamilton Island is the largest inhabited island of 74 islands in the Whitsunday Islands . The island is located in northeastern Australia, twelve kilometers off the coast of the Australian state of Queensland . The only 7.5 square kilometer island is highly structured due to its good tourist development is one of the most visited islands […]

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Fremantle, Australia

June 1, 2012

Fremantle is a city on the west coast of Australia . It is named after the British Admiral Charles Fremantle named who took the area in May 1829 for the British Crown. The name is stressed on the first syllable, in a colloquial short form it is “Freo” called. The city lies at the mouth of […]

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Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

June 1, 2012

Ballarat is a city with about 86,000 inhabitants in the state of Victoria in Australia , 120 kilometers west-northwest of Melbourne . It is the third largest city in the state and one of the largest non-final coastal towns in Australia. The city center is the Local Government Area Ballarat City . The name of […]

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