Catania is 293,458 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010) to Palermo’s second largest city in the Italian region of Sicily and the capital of the province of Catania. Catania is one of the Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto, by the UNESCO for World Heritage have been told. Catania is located on the east coast of Sicily at the foot of about 30 km from Mount Etna, the largest and most active volcano in Europe.
Catania was in the 8th Century BC by Greek colonists from Naxos founded. In the 3rd Century BC, the city developed under Roman domination to the main trading center of the then Sicily. The port enabled lively trade throughout the Mediterranean. A further boost the city enjoyed by the Arabs, the fertile soils in the environment for the cultivation of citrus fruits used. Catania became one of the most important centers of agriculture. Catania was, according to Ibn al-Athir 884 destroyed by the Muslims and destroyed everything in its vicinity.
In 1669, parts of the town after a volcanic eruption of Mount Etna buried under lava flows. A severe earthquake in 1693 destroyed almost completely Catania. In the following decades it was in the baroque style that characterizes today the city is being rebuilt. Since many buildings from lava are called to the city as the black daughter of Mount Etna. Great economic importance Catania reached again until the 19th Century when it became the provincial capital.