Cardiff is the capital and most populous city of Wales. The city is administratively one of the 22 Welsh unitary authorities and has the status of a City. Cardiff is located in the United Kingdom, in the south of Wales in the broad estuary of the Severn. Through the port city runs the river Taff (wal Afon Taf), from which the town takes its name: Dydd Caer – fort on the Taff called variation Taf (f) to diff / Dydd. Another derivation of the name according to the historian William Camden (1551-1623) is on Aulus Didius Gallus back: Caer Didi – Fort of Didius.
Cardiff was built in 1003 around a Norman castle, built on the site of a former Roman fort. Mentioned for the first time the place was only in 1093, when the knight Robert Fitzhamon, one of the followers of William the Conqueror, here with a fief was entrusted. In the 13th Century, Cardiff was then the city charter, but remained until the 19th Century, a relatively small town and lived thanks to the industrialization of coal mining and an unexpected growth spurt. The Bute family, who owned almost the whole city, had to expand the harbor, which was promoted in the following years the largest coal port in the world.
The university was established in 1883 and the Town Hall 1904th In 1905 Cardiff was once the city charter in 1955 and was the capital of Wales. The reason was not its role in Welsh history, but the fact that Cardiff had by all Welsh towns, the best infrastructure. After the port area has been neglected because of the coal crisis, more and more, it is now transformed in recent years into a service and entertainment zone.