Capri is an Italian island of rock (limestone) in the Gulf of Naples. It is 10.4 km2 in size and is known for caves on the sea. The most famous cave is called the Blue Grotto. The highest point of the island is 589 m above the sea of Monte Solaro. Capri has a balanced, mild climate. The evergreen vegetation will be supplemented by cultures terrace with wine, oil, and fruit trees. Main source of income is from the 19th Century, the year-round tourism. The island is only about five kilometers from the mainland and is part of the province of Naples.
Emperor Tiberius chose Capri in AD 26 and spent his capital there until his death in 37 AD, much of his last years in the Villa Jovis, which was about a vertical cliffs. The reasons for this step is controversial among historians. The main sources for the biography of Tiberius, the ancient writer Suetonius and Tacitus. They claim that the emperor had retired to Capri, to indulge more in the seclusion of his desires can (which are discussed extensively by Suetonius). Perhaps it was weariness with the business of government in Rome and distrust of the political forces in the capital of his motive. In any case, in this way, the small island of Capri for eleven years the seat of government of the Roman Empire, and this is due to a conscious decision of the Emperor. A total of twelve villas Tiberius should (according to Suetonius) have obsessed on Capri, next to the Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and today are known as the Palazzo al Mare as a Tiberian villa.
Already in the 18th Century, the Villa Jovis from excavations by the Austrian Norbert Hadrawa robbed of their valuables and scattered the objects in all directions (the most famous pieces: the so-called “Capri” altar today in the British Museum in London, and a large mosaic floor in the Museo di Capodimonte in Naples). Today, the Villa Jovis, the most important archaeological site on Capri. It lies at the eastern end of the island, in about an hour walk from the Piazzetta in Capri to get out. Archaeological evidence suggests that Tiberius and the Blue Grotto has been known and visited.
In the second half of the 19th Century, Capri popular celebrities as a winter and holiday accommodation in Germany and other artists, writers and others. Others stayed a long time , Friedrich Alfred Krupp , Christian Wilhelm Allers , Rainer Maria Rilke , Maxim Gorky , Emil von Behring , Theodor Däubler , Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach , Curzio Malaparte , Norman Douglas and Axel Munthe . German visitors was often met in the Hotel Pagano or local to Hiddigeigei hangover . In 1899 the Germans built even its own church, which still exists today, “German Evangelical Church” in Capri. Also a separate cemetery was founded by members of the foreign colony: the still existing ” Cemetery acattolico “were buried in the over 200 people of non-Catholic denominations.