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Cape Verde

by WCC on March 8, 2012

in Africa

Cape Verde – Cape Verde is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands in the central Atlantic Ocean, 460 kilometers off the west coast of Africa. The Republic of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, that is: [Kabu ved]) is an island country, spanning an archipelago of 10 islands in the central Atlantic Ocean, located 570 kilometers off the coast of West Africa. The islands cover a total area of ​​just over 4,000 square kilometers (1,500 square miles), are of volcanic origin, while three of them are (Sal, Boa Vista and Maio) are rather flat, sandy and dry, the other generally rockier and have more vegetation . However, since the rare occurrence of rainfall, the entire landscape is not particularly green (verde is “green” Portuguese) in spite of what the country’s name suggests. The name of the country lies more in the vicinity of Cape Verde, on the coast of Senegal, in turn, seen originally named “Cape Verde”, if it was by Portuguese explorers in 1444, a few years ago were discovered in the islands.

cape verde Cape Verde

cape verde

The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th Century and was important in the Atlantic slave trade for the site. The islands of prosperity often privateers and pirates, including Sir Francis Drake, a corsair (privateer), under the authority of the British crown, who twice fired the (then) capital city of Ribeira Grande, dressed in the 1580s. The islands were visited by Charles Darwin’s expedition in 1832. The decline in the slave trade in the 19th Century led to an economic crisis for the islands. With few natural resources, and without a strong and sustained investment from the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly dissatisfied with the colonial masters who still refused to give local authorities more autonomy. This discontent was fermenting and in 1975 its peak, as a movement that originally Amílcar Cabral, who on 20 Murdered in January 1973 was then passed to his half-brother Luís Cabral led the independence of the island group.

The country has an estimated population (most of Creole ethnicity) of about 500,000, with the capital Praia accounting for a quarter of citizens. Nearly 38% of the population lives in rural areas after the 2010 census of Cape Verde, about 20% live below the poverty line, and the literacy rate is around 85%. Politically, the country is a very stable democracy, with remarkable economic growth and improving living conditions, despite its lack of natural resources, and has international recognition by other countries and international organizations often offer development assistance. Since 2007, Cape Verde is classified as a developing country.

Difficult economic times in recent decades, its colonization and the early years of the independence of Cape Verde, led many to migrate to Europe, America and other African countries. This migration was so great that the number of Cape Verdeans and their descendants currently live abroad more than the population of Cape Verde itself. Historically, the inflow of remittances from these migrant groups has a significant contribution to their families provided for strengthening the country’s economy. Currently, the Cape Verdean economy growing mostly service-oriented with a focus on tourism and foreign investment, which benefits from the islands’ warm climate throughout the year varied scenery, hospitable people and cultural richness, especially in music.

monte cara cape verde Cape Verde

monte cara cape verde

The islands are divided into a northwestern and a southeastern group.
Northwestern Islands:
Santo Antao, São Vicente, Sao Nicolau with Santa Luzia, Branco and Razo – uninhabited islands, Boa Vista, Sal.

Southeastern islands:
Santiago – the largest island with the capital Praia, Maio, Brava, Fogo, Grande and Rombo – uninhabited islands.

- Praia – the capital of the country.
- Mindelo – a port city and probably the busiest in the country.
- Cidade Velha ( Ribeira Grande ) – UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Santa Maria , city south of the island of Sal

The Cape Verde islands lie some 500 km off the west coast of Africa. The once uninhabited islands were in the 15th Century by the Portuguese discovered and colonized. In the following years it became a trading center for slaves, and later became an important supply base for whaling and transatlantic ships. With the political upheaval in Portugal, the islands gained their independence in 1975.

Getting there
German and Austrian citizens need to enter for at least 6 months after the return date valid passport and a visa .

praia cape verde Cape Verde

praia cape verde

The international airports are located on the islands of Sal (SID) and Santiago (RAI), direct flights from Germany currently offers only Tuifly to, flights of the national airline TACV and the Condor are set. There are regular scheduled flights with TAP Portugal via Lisbon (LIS) to Sal (SID) and Santiago / Praia (RAI). On Sao Vicente is also currently building a new international airport. To what extent this will result in changes to the schedule of Europe remains to be seen.

No Faehrvebindungen from Europe or from the African continent.

Think again: you’re in Africa, in a third world country! Time, dates, etc., have here a very different role. So it is possible that departure times are moved at short notice, or not take place rides. Expect one days delay in the island hopping in the home with one, ie at least one day before the flight back was back to Sal!

To get from island to island offers its own – particularly at larger distances – to the aircraft. The TACV flies at all airports in the islands. The airports in Santa Antao and Brava are currently closed.

Rental car
To the knowledge of the author , there is little rental car. Renting of motorcycles or scooters available. However, the roads are sometimes very bad, for any damage to the vehicles they will hold you accountable.

Ferry service exists between almost all the islands very irregularly, obtain departure times at the hotel or in the harbor. Only between Sao Vicente (Mindelo) and Santo Antao (Porto Novo), there is a daily. Ferry service. For the passage of 16 km takes the ferry about an hour. At the moment this is the only connection to Santo Antao, while the airport remains closed to Santo Antao.

Bus / Taxi
Taxis are available in virtually any location, taxis commute between the towns. There are fixed prices (a price list, the driver must carry, but claims like the opposite is), but the tourist is like being ripped off, and then often paid three times. Pay attention to what other passengers pay approximately the (local) and give a little tip.

The Kapoverdianer talk to each other “Creolo”, a variation of the Portuguese, somewhere between Brazilian Portuguese, Portuguese and African dialects high. Portuguese is taught in high school when the kids go there.
In hotels it comes with only limited English more, French is much more widespread, as nearly everywhere in North and West Africa. German speaks almost no one, possibly even at major hotels Sal
Please note that many Kapoverdianer illiterate, with writing down you will not get much further.

On the Cape Verde a Creole-inspired cuisine. Fish come in all varieties, as a stew, grilled or as a typical Portuguese salt cod (bacalhau).
The typical food of the locals is cachupa, a stew of corn, which is enriched depending on family income with beans, cabbage, bacon or fish. Cachupa is also popular with a fried egg, it is often eaten several times a day.

On some islands, wine is grown, but that is usually used only for personal use. Beer is imported from Portugal. The typical drink is Grogue, a rum that is produced in small distilleries in different quality of sugarcane.

mindelo cape verde Cape Verde

mindelo cape verde

cape verde photo Cape Verde

cape verde photo

pin it button Cape Verde

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