The Canaima National Park is a national park located in Bolivar State, Venezuela. It was founded on June 12th of 1962 and declared World Heritage by UNESCO in the year 1994. It extends over 30,000 km² to the border with Guyana and Brazil, for its size is considered the sixth largest national park in the world. About 65% of the park is occupied by plateaus of rock called tepuis . These are a unique biological environment, also with a great geological interest. Its steep cliffs and waterfalls (including Angel Falls, which is the highest waterfall in the world, to 1,002 m) are landscapes.
In 1994 Canaima National Park was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, as a nature reserve which has special and unique abrupt relief around the world, the tepui, which are species of plateaus of millions of years old, with vertical sides and nearly flat tops. The tepuis are the most popular Mount Roraima , the highest and easy to climb around the park, and Auyan-tepui, the most visited because this is the waterfall or highest waterfall in the world, Angel Falls . It is said that the tepui are sandstones and date from the period when America and Africa formed a supercontinent. This type of relief is commonly known as the Guayana Shield.
The park is home to the Pemon people. They have a relationship with the tepui, and believe they are the home of the spirits “Mawari”. The park is in a place far from civilization. There are few roads that connect to other nearby cities such as Ciudad Guayana . The most common means of transport to traverse is by canoe .