Cambodia lies in Southeast Asia, bordering Thailand , Laos and Vietnam . The coast in the south of the country lies on the Gulf of Thailand.Of the 13 million Cambodians 90% belong to the Khmer people. There are also 4% and 4% Chinese Vietnamese. 2% make the Cham, an ethnic group with some Malaysian origin. In the north-east of the country live some 75,000 Khmer Leou. These are indigenous people, which are divided into 21 tribes. The Khmer practice Theravada Buddhism, while the Chinese and Vietnamese people attach to the Mahayana Buddhism. The Cham are adherents of a moderate Islam, while prevalent in the indigenous nature religions. In every village there will therefore be a Wat – a monastery with a pagoda (see picture right).
Cambodia’s recent history is very moving. The reign of terror of the Khmer Rouge is a lot of people (even outside the country) is still remembered. Then the time came under Vietnamese control. Only for the last ten years the country has a chance to evolve independently. It has a king again, and a democratically elected government. However, it is very difficult for Cambodia, economically to get moving. Much of the aid fizzles out due to the black market and the massive corruption that is the biggest brake on development in the country. Tourism is one of the most important industries dar.
There were two railway lines: Phnom Penh – Sisophon and Phnom Penh – Sihanoukville . Passenger transport in 2008 have ceased completely. However, it is sometimes possible for a few dollars with a freight train ride. However, there is no fixed timetable for freight. On the route Phnom Penh – Sihanoukville is a train about a week while on the road in Phnom Penh – Sisophon runs less than one train per month. The route Sihanoukville-Phnom Penh’s (December 2010) now out of service, the railway station in Sihanoukville points, the tracks are overgrown. Near Battambang , there is a “bamboo train” which is pretty funny, and probably move faster than the right train. If you find the time, you should still make a short trip with it. Just outside the hotel or ask a motorbike or tuk-tuk drivers for it. For a few dollars can make a tour across the country.
In Cambodia, there are three currencies in use. The local currency is the Riel. Across the country and the U.S. dollar is normal. This one U.S. dollars worth 4000 Riel. In the vast border with Thailand is also used in Thai Baht. It may happen, that is reported in a restaurant the menu in dollars, the bill is issued in baht and that it elicits a change Riel. But after all, all currencies are easily usable. With the euro still can hardly afford. However, it is possible to replace him. This one is worth € 5000 Riel. Credit cards can be use in all better hotels now. However, the VISA card is accepted more clearly. Make automatic teller machines (ATM), the dollar bills, there are already in Phnom Penh , Siem Reap and Sihanoukville in the ANZ and Canadia Bank, the networks are expanded. Corresponding addresses can be found in the cities articles. In Phnom Penh , Siem Reap , Sihanoukville , Battambang and Kampot but you can bank on some of the money via credit card cash advance to get. Some banks charge a fee for it, however. Almost all banks in the country also offer international money transfer via Western Union to.