Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and the administrative, economic and cultural center of the country. The town itself has 2.7 million inhabitants, the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires , however, with almost 12 million one of the largest in South America. The town lies on the Rio de la Plata the rivers Paraná and Uruguay River to the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of Argentina.
Buenos Aires is Argentina’s “water head”, a metropolis that is in every respect the center of the country. More than a quarter of the country’s population live in its catchment area. But despite its monstrous size, the center where all the major sights, the manageable size and also quiet corners, where life goes a step slow on its own. The cultural offer is good and on an international level. The city seems at first glance, very European, which is located on the influence of immigrants from Italy, Spain, Germany and France, which derives a large proportion of the population. In particular, one feels the flashy Neobarockarchitektur often reminiscent of Paris. To learn about the Latin American identity of Buenos Aires, you have to let a few days time.
The inhabitants of the city “porteños” – Harbour residents – called. Them in other parts of the country adheres to the prejudice of being arrogant, but rather what appears to be unfounded. Buenos Aires owes its importance to its location on the Río de la Plata, which made it the best export port in Argentina. You have to have it, that it was up to about 1800 the only access to the sea, because the south was still ruled by Indian tribes in mind. It was founded in 1535 as a Spanish military fortress against the invading Portuguese also in this area, but had to be abandoned soon because of attacks by the Indians, and food shortages. The final foundation was finally in 1580 by Juan de Garay.
For many years the city remained an insignificant military post of the Viceroyalty of Lima , who had no right to foreign trade. That changed in 1776, when the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and Buenos Aires was founded in his capital. From then on, the population grew rapidly in number, which is after winning independence from Spain in 1816 even stronger, even if only for a long time in Buenos Aires province capital, but their governors had a big influence on what is happening in the country.
It was not until 1880 the city was named the capital of Argentina. Liberal immigration laws procured her a quick 1880-1920 boom, was the “Gran Aldea” (large village), as it was called until 1900, the metropolis and other major cities of Argentina ousted in their meaning. From 1950, it grew beyond the actual city limits, so that now live most of their population living in suburbs that are strictly separated politically from Buenos Aires and the province of Buenos Aires belong instead. Today, the population shows a relatively constant even if the city through hip “country clubs” and “private quarters” since the 80′s continues to expand like crazy in the Pampa. After the severe economic crisis and the subsequent exodus of many Argentines back to their roots to Europe, the population figures still show relatively constant, partly as the result of the left-Peronist government of President Kirchner simplified and thus increasing immigration, mainly from Bolivia and Peru.
Buenos Aires is connected to the international flight network and can also be reached from all parts of Argentina’s very simple. Buenos Aires has two airports: Ezeiza (EZE) (at Ezeiza , 40 km south of the city) for international traffic and Jorge Newbery Airport (AEP) for domestic services and flights to Chile and Uruguay . The Aeroparque is served by all the provincial capitals of Argentina.
From the airport, Ezeiza – Ezeiza you can reach most of the shuttle bus company Tienda Leon and Transfer Express (about $ 25 AR) to the center, where you will find almost all the major hotels. Travelers with little luggage can also take a very slow, but this low-cost bus line 130. The use of conventional yellow-black taxis is not recommended for safety reasons (see below: Security ). A ride on these costs to the city center, as of August 2007 around 90 pesos (70 pesos, 20 pesos for travel expenses and tolls). Taxis should be booked only at official booths inside the airport Ezeiza and paid on the stands. ‘Black taxis’ should be avoided at all costs.
If you prefer cheaper down should take the Colectivo “8″. (As of 2009 – the bus numbers change often, so, just ask again) This goes for $ 2 AR in the city center. The wherewithal to do is get into a currency exchange counter at the airport, the best for arriving guests. (Small shack in the building opposite the check-in) There is also the best exchange rates, however, limited to $ 50 U.S.. The station is located in the vicinity, but is not directly visible: starting out from the side, turn left and turn the corner and follow the road for 2 minutes, then the bus stop should be visible. A little patience, you might have brought a great first impression of the city.
In the Argentine road great care is needed because traffic laws are at best considered as suggestions. For inexperienced users, it is not recommended to drive a car in Buenos Aires, get around, even outside of the metropolitan region, caution is advised. The streets are often poorly developed, but are used by locals such as highways. Verges are often converted into a second lane. Particular attention should be in the dark regarding vehicles with little or no lighting. Pedestrian traffic lights should be regarded only as a recommendation. Particularly stubborn behave buses and taxi drivers, bicycles and motorcycles do not generally, cars rather reluctantly.
Buenos Aires offers the visitor a lot of architectural monuments from the colonial era and the early 1900′s. As the center of Buenos Aires is now dominated by modern buildings and many high-rises, one must look for something to find it. Virtually all of the city’s attractions are within a relatively small, about 5 square kilometer area, between the mouth of the Riachuelo, the Río de la Plata and the Parque Tres de Febrero in Palermo district.
Buenos Aires to dance tango and a good town to learn. In addition to many tango shows, every day can take minutes at various places on short courses of about 90 tango and milongas at the new figures – try – the tango dance gatherings. However, many excellent tango dancers are on the road. Location and times vary as much in Buenos Aires, very quickly, so you have to learn up to date.
Plaza Dorrego Defensa 1098, San Telmo
A nice place crammed with chairs of different restaurants and almost every evening, free tango shows and sometimes live tango music. Donations at the end of the demonstration, however, are desirable.
In Barancas de Belgrano, corner of Sucre and Echeveria every Saturday and Sunday, a free open-air tango milonga takes place in a large, wrought-iron instead of Rondel with smooth stone floor. The inspection is possible. The night trip by taxi to the center is also a nice experience (cost U.S. $10-15).