Budapest is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Hungary. With about 1.7 million inhabitants (January 2010), Budapest is the eighth largest city in the European Union. The unit was created in 1873 by the Budapest municipal amalgamation of previously independent cities of Buda (German oven) Obuda (Old Furnace) and plague. The name of Budapest itself appeared previously in not in the usual parlance was Pest-Buda.
Budapest is located on the Danube, which at this point, the Hungarian Central Mountains and leaves in the Hungarian lowlands flows. The highest point in Budapest is on the Buda hills 527 meters high scoring János Hill (Hungarian Jánoshegy). More Buda mountains are Gellért Hill, the Castle Hill (Várhegy), the Rose Hill (Rózsadomb), the Sonnenberg (Naphegy), the Eagle Mountain (Sashegy), Martin Berg (Mártonhegy), the Schwabenberg (Svábhegy) and Váci utca. Geotectonically seen the city is on a break point, which is why most Buda is so rich in thermal springs.
Below the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status are listed. Until 1860, there are usually estimates and 2001 Census results and 2006, an estimate of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. The figures before 1873 relate to the three cities of Buda and Pest. Their final merger took place on 17 November 1873, after the first merger on 24 June 1849 had been a short time later reversed.
The sharp increase in population 1949-1960 is due to the incorporation of seven cities and 16 municipalities in the area. Thus, the population increased on 1 January 1950 by 582,000 to 1.64 million people, the area of 206 square kilometers to 525 square kilometers, the number of districts from 14 to 22.