British Virgin Islands consist of 43 islands are inhabited by those 16th The four largest are: Jost Van Dyke, Tortola – the main island with the capital, Road Town, Virgin Gorda, and Anegada. With 8,600 inhabitants, the capital of Road Town on Tortola is also the largest city in the British Virgin Islands. The second largest town is Spanish Town on Virgin Gorda with about 2,000 inhabitants. The first European settlements were established in 1648 by the Netherlands on Tortola. Between 1672 and 1680 the islands were conquered by England and then developed into an important naval base in the Caribbean. The British Virgin Islands were subsequently become a major exporter of sugar to Europe. Since 1967, the islands enjoy internal autonomy. The most important economic factor today are financial services. Officially, some 500,000 companies and over 1,000 vessels are registered in the islands. Also of importance is tourism, with over 300,000 tourists per year.
The islands are mostly hilly. An exception is the coral island of Anegada, which rises only a few meters above sea level. The highest elevation of the islands with 521 meters of Mount Sage on Tortola. The main airport of the islands is the Terrance B. Lettsome International Airport, nine miles east of Road Town. There is no direct connection to Europe. American Eagle and Cape Air fly from the airport in San Juan , Puerto Rico out of, Winair from St. Maarten and LIAT from Antigua and St. Maarten.
There is a regular ferry services between Tortola and the U.S. Virgin Islands . The crossing takes 45 minutes. The road network of the main island of Tortola is well developed, although very windy. Along the south coast runs a multi-lane highway. Car rentals are available on several of the larger islands.
The official language is English. Although the islands are a British overseas territory, its official currency is the U.S. dollar. There are no major shopping centers on the islands. In the center of Road Town you will find a variety of smaller shops. On the other islands, there are only a few souvenir shops and supermarkets.
The climate in the British Virgin Islands is subtropical with annual rainfall of 1,150 millimeters. Due to its geographical location the islands from June to November hurricanes are occasionally affected.