Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is a place of World Heritage of the Unesco of historical, cultural and architectural: a monument to the ingenuity of military engineers Britons who designed it and the skill, strength and endurance of the slave Africans who built and maintained. One of the best preserved historic strengths of America, is located on the island San Cristobal in the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis in the eastern Caribbean Sea.
The first cannon was installed on the ‘Brimstone Hill’ in 1690 , when the British sought to regain the Charles Fort of San Cristobal in the hands of the French, as these had not considered the possibility of transporting cannon by steep slopes, densely forested the ‘Brimstone Hill. From there, began construction of the fort, a task that lasted just over 100 years. At its peak, known as the Gibraltar of the Antilles , in reference to his imposing height and invulnerability of the place.
In 1782, the French, under the command of Count-Admiral François Joseph Paul de Grasse besieged the fortress. During the siege , the adjacent island of Nevis fell, and the weapons of Fort Carlos de las Nieves and other small existing strengths there were taken to San Cristobal for use against the ‘Brimstone Hill. The British, commanded by Admiral Samuel Hood , Viscount Hood I, resitieron site a month, but decreased in number and the British garrison rendió. But a year later by the Treaty of Versailles British sovereignty was restored in the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis. The forts were strengthened and increased, after the treaty, for it never came under an enemy force.
The British abandoned the fort in the mid- nineteenth century , the structures were gradually ruined by vandalism and natural processes. In the early twentieth century was comenzaros restoration work on existing structures, and in 1987 the fortress of Brimstone Hill was officially declared a National Park .