Bora Bora is an atoll belonging to the group of Society Islands in French Polynesia , specifically the ” Windward Islands ” , in the South Pacific is one. The atoll lies some 260 km north-west of Tahiti at 151 ° 44 ‘west and 16 ° 29′ South and has a total land area of 38 square kilometers.
Bora Bora is an atoll , in the air the classic image of Charles Darwin described atoll shape with a central peak and a Korallensaum with numerous resting Motus shows. The atoll formation is so far advanced that the caldera of the volcano, Central has been sunk. Only parts of the already largely eroded crater rim rising above the sea level, including the highest peaks of the island: Mont Otemanu at 727 m, 661 m and with Mont Pahia Mataihua at 314 m.
The central island of Bora Bora consists mainly of basaltic lava . The smaller motus are flat, with Tidenkanäle ( Hoa ) separate, sandy coral islands. The larger motus, for example, to 148 m high Motu Toopua in the West, are still towering over the sea surface parts of the former crater rim, and are also made of volcanic rocks. The long main island is 9 miles long and wide at its widest point is 5 km. The settlements are all located in coastal areas, the lush interior of the island is largely undeveloped. A 32 km long, attached to ring road, the coast region, opening up the settlements and the hotels. The interior of the island is only accessible in places by road vehicles.
Bora Bora has 8927 inhabitants (as of August 2007). The largest settlement, with about 4,000 inhabitants Vaitape, is located on the west side of the island, opposite the main passage into the lagoon , the yoke Teavanui that is so deep that even with larger cruise ships can sail. They lie in the lagoon on roads – often several at a time – because of the quay of Vaitape only for small ships and boats is suitable. Vaitape was founded by the British missionary John Muggridge Orsmond (1788-1856) of the London Missionary Society ( London Missionary Society ). He arrived in 1824 from Tahiti to Bora Bora and was first a church and then build a jetty, roads and houses, as well as a mission school in coral rock. From this settlement, called ” Beulah “Vaitape developed today. Other villages are the villages Faanui, the former headquarters of the ruling family in the north-west and the east Anau.