Bologna, also called Bologna is an Italian city with 382,825 inhabitants (2011), located in northern Italy. Bologna is also the capital of the province and the region of Emilia-Romagna. The city lies at the foot of the Apennines and between the rivers Reno and Savena. Roughly, the city southwest of Venice and east of La Spezia.
Bologna is in terms of population the seventh largest city in Italy and is the heart of one of the towns in Italy. The total size of the metropolis lies in the region of 1 million inhabitants. The count is based on the agglomeration Bologna Modena, which two cities almost contiguous. Bologna has always been a university town. The University of Bologna, with its foundation in 1088 the oldest university in Europe. The students form a cultural and social revitalization of the city. Besides the Bologna university is known for its large, largely preserved historic center, despite the urbanization at the end of the 19th century and the Second World War is still to behold. This is partly due to the renovation at the end of the 60′s.
The first settlements to the origins of Bologna can be counted date from the first century BC. At first she was an important city of the Etruscans and the Celts, and then the Romans. In the Middle Ages it served as a free city (for more than a century she was the fifth city in population size of Europe). Bologna has a great artistic and cultural center, an eye catcher but it did not which mass tourism is not forthcoming. The homogeneous city with its typical old-city structure filled with well-preserved monuments and buildings unique.
Bologna is an important hub for road and rail transport in the northern regions of Italy. This is due to the centralization of an important part of the mechanical, electronics and food industries in the area. The study of the European Regional Economic Growth Index (E-REGI) from 2009 shows that Italian city of Bologna is the fastest growing city in Europe and the 47th in economic growth. Bologna was in 2000 the “Cultural Capital of Europe” and in 2006 the “musical capital of Europe”. The city was selected to participate in the World Expo in Shanghai in 2010 as one of 45 selected cities in the world.