Birmingham is to London’s second largest city in the United Kingdom. It is the center of the West Midlands and is just over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area is home to around 2.6 million people. The city is the center of the British metal processing and is located east of the “Black Country”- named after the smoking chimneys, which the Industrial Revolution concentrated here. But it has long ago – like other cities in the region (Wolverhampton, Dudley and Coventry into a modern service center with futuristic skyscrapers-). The Black Country Living Museum, an open-air museum in Dudley with original homes and craftsmen but conveys an impression of the previous day.
Birmingham is often Brum called (derived from the old name brummagem), whose inhabitants Brummies . Birmingham is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the UK . A large proportion of the population comes from the Caribbean , the Indian subcontinent and from Ireland . By far the largest ethnic minority are the Pakistanis, with some 150,000, mainly from Pakistan-controlled part of Kashmir . Birmingham is the city that is home to most Kashmiris outside Kashmir. They speak almost exclusively Punjabi as their first language. According to the 2001 census, 29.7% of the population belong to ethnic minorities. In the city the most life- Rastafarians outside Jamaica , and here is the third largest parade on St. Patrick’s Day instead (after Dublin and New York).
Millions of tourists visit every year and the city of Birmingham offers to the West End in London, the best shopping in the country. The former industrial sites dominated by huge gray appearance of the city in recent years noticeably refreshed and beautified. Birmingham is part of the county town of West Midlands. Neighboring cities are Solihull and Coventry in the east and the Black Country belonging to the Metropolitan Counties Sandwell , Dudley , Walsall and Wolverhampton in the west and northwest.