Bermuda – The archipelago of Bermuda is named after the Spanish, Juan de Bermúdez, who discovered it in 1505 . Of British bases there from 1609after a shipwreck and founded the first capital of St. George in 1612 . The first slaves were brought from Africa in 1616 and formalized in British colonization in 1684 . The islands became British in 1707 with the creation of Great Britain (the unification of England and Scotland).
At the beginning of XX th century , when transportation and communication were booming, Bermuda became a very popular destination for wealthy British tourists, American and Canadian . In addition, tariffs erected in 1930 by the United States against its trading partners were significantly reduced agricultural exports of Bermuda.
These agricultural exports, which were once flourishing, mainly concerned the vegetables fresh. This prompted the new territory of British overseas to develop a tourism industry that is now behind international trade through its economic importance.
During World War II, Bermuda became an important military base because of their position in the Atlantic Ocean. In 1941, the United States passed an agreement with the United Kingdom. In exchange for the sale of destroyers U.S., Britain conceded to the Americans, for a period of 99 years, a field in order to establish air and naval bases.
From 1 st September 1995, the two U.S. bases ceased to function and the British and Canadian bases.
Main article: Geography of Bermuda.
Bermuda consists of 123 small islands of coral with sufficient rainfall, but no river or lake of fresh water.
The main islands are: Great Bermuda, the island of St. George’s, the island of St. David’s, the Somerset Island.
Bermuda bathed in a mild climate with extremes slight. During the winter , from December to March, the average temperature is 21 ° C (70 ° F). The warm period from May to mid-October, has a temperature of 23 ° C (75 ° F) to 30 ° C (85 ° F ). The months of summer are slightly dry, despite regular rainfall throughout the year.
Bermuda is dependent on the United Kingdom . The legal system is formed by a bicameral legislature with a senate of 11 members and a House of Representatives of 40 members. Senators are appointed and elected officials for five years.
Bermuda is divided into 9 parishes and 2 municipalities.
The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II .