Belarus in official state documents between Belarus – is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, which in Poland, the Ukraine, Russia, Latvia and Lithuania borders. Previously the country was also White Ruthenia and in the language used in the GDR Belorussia called. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the state became independent in 1994 was Alyaksandr Lukashenka President who governs the country authoritarian. Western observers often describe the country as “the last dictatorship in Europe”.
The name Belarus is survived since the Middle Ages and was the 19th Century practice in general, but with “White Rus” translated inaccurately. Rus was the East Slavic name for Scandinavian -Slavic areas such as the rule of Kievan Rus, which included the country from its foundation. The adjective “bely” meant in the Middle Ages in the geographical sense of “Western” and / or “north”, Belarus is therefore translated as “Western Russia”. There are also views in Belarus over other possible meanings. The use of the word Belarus offers itself, therefore, to avoid confusion. However, in German, the name Belarus traditionally distributed. The official Belarusian authorities and the German-German diplomacy to use in official texts the name Belarus in order to clarify the distinction of Russia. According to the Foreign Office to continue the traditional name on maps and for non-diplomatic texts Belarus will be used. There is also a variant Bielarus, which is used by some.