Gran Canaria – Gran Canaria, whose original meaning “Great [Island] dog”) is the second largest island of the Canaries, with a population of 838 397, which is about 40% of the population of the archipelago. The hotel is located in the Atlantic Ocean about 150 kilometers (about 93 miles) off the northwest coast of Africa and about 1,350 km (838 miles) from Europe.gran canaria
The island’s capital, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Gran Canaria is Canaris (Guanches) who came as early as 500 BC may have been settled. The Canaris called Tamaran Island or Land of the Brave. After more than a century of Europe (French, Portuguese …) invasions and attempts to conquer the island on 29 Captured April 1483, after a campaign that lasted five years, the Kingdom of Castile, with the support of Queen Isabella I, a conquest that is considered an important step in the expansion of united Spain.
The capital, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria was founded 24 June 1478, under the name “Real de Las Palmas” by Juan Rejón, head of the invading Castilian. In 1492, Christopher Columbus anchored in the harbor of Las Palmas (and spent some time on the island) on his first voyage to America.
Gran Canaria is located in the southeast of Tenerife and west of Fuerteventura. The island is of volcanic origin, mostly from opening cracks. Surface of Gran Canaria is 1.560 km ² and its maximum height is 1949 meters (Pico de las Nieves). It has a round shape with a diameter of about 50 km.
About 80% of the volume of the island was formed during the Miocene, between 14 and 9 million years. This is called the “cycle of Old” and is estimated to have about 200,000, lasted years and issued about 1,000 km3 per year, mainly alkali basalt fissure. This cycle continues with the issue of trachytes, phonolites and peralkaline rocks. This was due to erosion, the nearly 4 millions of years followed.
A graduate of volcanic eruptions, as a “cycle Nublo” known, was 4.5 to 3.4 million years ago. This shorter cycle times of about 100 km3 emitted. Most inner corners have been formed by erosion of these materials. This period began with basaltic fissure, but in the end by violent eruptions of pyroclastic flows. Some functions, such as phonolitic Risco Blanco have been trained in the final stages.
The graduate is started or when, about 2.8 million years ago and is considered to be still active. The last eruptions took place, took place some 3500 years ago.
Volume changes and thus the weight of the island have also brought the island, rising above the sea level in the previous periods of erosion and run for the eruptive periods. Some of these “fossil tracks” can be seen in the cliffs of the north coast of increasing erosion.
Gran Canaria has highways around the whole island and extending into the mountain areas. In the late 20th Century motorways have been among the first in the Canary Islands, opened and run around Las Palmas, and were then extended to the north and from the airport and then increased to the south coast in response to tourist visits. The high-speed highways are GC1, GC2 and GC31 and GC4 and GC5 highways. The west and northwest, with the fewest people are connected with main roads.
Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPA) is the only commercial airport on the island. The large number of aircraft and passengers passing through it each year, making him one of the busiest in Spain. Gran Canaria is also responsible for all air traffic in the Canary Islands.gran canaria city arucas gran canaria
The main ports of the island is the harbor of Las Palmas, in the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Arguineguin, the cement exports from a large factory, and Arinaga, in the industrial area of great location Canary Islands and one of the most important of Spain. Ports that most passengers are the Port of La Luz and the Port of Las Nieves in the municipality from Agaete. The plans for a railway network that became the capital of the south, both by the Cabildo de Gran Canaria and the Canary Islands Government approved, although the discussion with the Spanish central government.
Gran Canaria is known for its rich variety known microclimate. In general, however, is the day rises above 20 ° C in winter to 26 ° C in summer. Some cool nights occur in winter, but down to below 10 ° C are unknown in the vicinity of the coast. The interior, the climate is mild, but still see frost or snow mountain regions occasionally. Average annual rainfall of 228 mm, most of these traps in the coldest months of July, August and September, usually without rain. Rainfall is unevenly distributed across the island with some areas much drier than the others. Clouds and the sun is often very variable in the coldest months, and it may take several days to be cloudy at times in winter. Summers are mostly sunny, but with the south of the island, with most favored.
This island is found as a “miniature continent” due to the different climates and variety of landscapes, with long beaches and white sand dunes, in contrast to the green valleys and picturesque villages. A third of the island is under protection as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
The number of annual visitors is 2.2 million euros (2.2 million). Most tourists visit the southern part of the island.
The north tends to be cooler while the south is warmer and sunnier. The east coast of the island is flat dotted with beaches while the west coast rocky and mountainous.
The island has 32 nature reserves, landscape parks, they emphasize the Nublo, The Jungle Doramas Azuaje Ravine, Tamadaba, Pino Santo, etc.
Most tourists stay in the south of the island, which is sunnier and less rain than the north. In the south there is a large bird park, Maspalomas Beach, like many municipalities Beach Resort. Resorts are in east-central part of the south coast in the area of Maspalomas, which includes the cities of San Agustín concentrated, Playa del Ingles, Sun Country, Maspalomas and Meloneras. The dunes of Maspalomas are between Playa del Inglés (“beach of the English”) and Maspalomas. Another tourist attraction is the lighthouse of Maspalomas, on the western end of Maspalomas removed.
In Tarajalillo, an Aero Club, where tourist flights can be taken to the island.
Farther west along the south coast, in the municipality Mogan, communities of Puerto Rico and Puerto de Mogan, a village as “Little Venice” are well known for its many canals.
Other attractions of the park, crocodiles, Nublo (a monolith 80 m), Cenobio of Valeron with about 290 caves, the Painted Cave, the largest archaeological park in the Canary Islands and the botanical garden Jardin Canario (in Tafira Alta) and Cactualdea (La Aldea de San Nicolás).
El Dedo de Dios, or “finger of God” was a rocky spire rises from the sea in Puerto de las Nieves, and was previously the signature attraction of the Canary Islands until he by destroying tropical storm Delta that crossed the archipelago in November 2005 [9 ].
Other rock formations El Cura (also known as El Fraile known), edible frog (Rana), Bentayga, the Roque de Gando and the rock known Bermejo. The highlight of the island is the Pico de las Nieves, 1,950 meters (6,400 feet).
The capital, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,. Las Canteras beach in the heart of the city, (www.miplayadelascanteras.com) protected area and diving area. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is also known for its annual carnival. It was the first leg of the expedition of Christopher Columbus on his return from America, a reminder of what is the Ermita de San Antonio Abad, where the browser requested, and the Casa de Colón. Other city attractions include the Museo Canario (Museum of Archaeology, the largest in the archipelago), the Cathedral and the Plaza del Espiritu Santo. Teror in the sanctuary of the Virgen del Pino, the patron saint of Gran Canaria can be found.
Agüimes city on the eastern part of the island has been carefully restored, and its downtown, centered around the old church and a quiet place, now called the quiet life of a traditional Canarian town. The district also has some of the best preserved cliff dwellings in the protected area of the Guayadeque gorge, where the church was built on a hill, visitors can find a number of popular restaurants rock. The district also includes the sub-area’s most famous diving on the island: the marine reserve on the Playa de El Cabron just outside the town of Arinaga.
Other major cities are Telde and Vecindario (in the municipality of Santa Lucía de Tirajana) and Gáldar significant diving area. Arucas ago in a neo-Gothic temple, popularly known as “Arucas Cathedral”, and a large fertile plain where bananas are grown. In Galdar and its surroundings, there is a simple banana and some remarkable archaeological finds, such as silos or Painted Cave community Cenobio of Valeron, ancient tombs, and the port of Sardina del Norte (one of the ports of the island, where, as in Las Palmas, Christopher Columbus used to get supplies for his ships to).
In a westerly direction along the southern coast of the fishing village of Arguineguin in the Municipality Mogan.puerto de mogan gran canaria island gran canaria beach gran canaria hotel gloria palace amadores gran canaria island map