Bari is the capital of the region of Puglia (Italy) and has 320,475 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010). It is a major port and university city on the Adriatic. The port of Bari, offering ferries to Dubrovnik, Bar, Durres, Patras and Corfu, and the University of Bari, with approximately 70,000 students in one of the largest in Italy. Bari also has a international airport, especially the low cost airlines is controlled.
Bari is the capital of the province with 5138 km² and about 1.6 million inhabitants. There are essentially three major industries in Bari: chemical industry, metal industry and car industry (suppliers). This explains the significant subsidiaries of German companies in Bari, such as Bosch, Osram or GETRAG. The neighboring communities are: Adelfia, Bitonto, Bitritto, Capurso, Giovinazzo, Gravina in Puglia, Modugno, Mola di Bari, Noicattaro, Triggiano and Valenzano. The airport of Bari (Italian Aeroporto di Bari Palese “Karol Wojtyla”) is located 8 kilometers north-west of Bari.
The oldest traces of settlement have been found at the St. Peter’s Church. They are about 4000 years old. In the third century BC by Greek colonists settled Bari, the city Barion called. As part of the Roman Empire was Bari (barium) to municipium cum suffragio. During this time, the city could adopt its own laws and minted their own coins. Between 476 and 840 was part of the German Empire in Bari, Italy. Since the 4th Century is the site of a bishopric, today’s Archdiocese of Bari-Bitonto.
It occupied the Saracens, the city where an Islamic emirate in Italy founded, but only 870 back from the Byzantine empire were repressed, which built the center where his Italian territories. Even in 1002 Bari was again conquered by the Arabs and the Byzantine army regained quickly. Against the Byzantines, however, rose the Barenser Melus (Melo) 1009 and 1017, as Ismahel (Ismail), he is on the gold-embroidered cloak star immortalized, had presented to the Emir of the German Emperor Henry II.
On 15 April 1071 captured after a three-year siege of the Normans under Robert Guiscard the city, at the time of the last Byzantine possession in Italy. 1087, the bones of saints were St. Nicholas of Myra to Bari brought. The saint has since been in Italy since Bari known as Nicola. In 1155 the inhabitants of the city rebelled against the Normans. As a criminal action on it was William I “the evil” in June the following year, destroying the city, drove out the inhabitants and leaving only the Cathedral and the Basilica of St. Nicola.