Bangalore is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka . With over 8.4 million inhabitants (2011 census) she is in Mumbai and Delhi the third largest city in India. Bangalore is also the district headquarters in Bangalore Urban and Bangalore Rural . Bangalore is a center of civil and military aviation and space industry and research in India. More recently it has also become a major IT development centers in the country. Because of the numerous parks of Bangalore is also often spoken of as the “garden city”. On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the state in 2006, the Government of Karnataka following the suggestion of writer UR Ananthamurthy , the English name of the city in its Kannada name form Bangalore to rename. has, since the Indian Central Government of the name change is not yet agreed , the renaming process is not yet completed.
Bangalore is located in the Deccan plateau, in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, to about 900 m above sea level . This rule, despite the tropical location at about 13 degrees north latitude, mild temperatures – in winter the temperature goes back at night to about 15 degrees Celsius in summer it can rise during the day to 37 degrees Celsius. The monsoon lasts from July to September.
The census 2011 in Bangalore 8.42597 million inhabitants were registered. This is Bangalore to Mumbai and Delhi the third largest city in India. For the agglomeration of Bangalore was established a number of 8,499,399 residents. Among the metropolitan areas of India takes fifth place behind Bangalore to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai one. Due to its economic prosperity and the concomitant migration of the Bangalore area experienced significant population growth between 2001 and 2011 the population of the agglomeration has increased by almost 50%.
About half the population of Bangalore are immigrants from other parts of India and the world – in large part qualified IT professionals that the city has a cosmopolitan character is given. Administrative and official language in Bangalore is Kannada , the main language of Karnataka. There is considerable linguistic minorities: the Muslims of Bangalore traditionally speak Urdu , among immigrants from other parts of the country are languages like Tamil , Telugu and Malayalam spread. Like everywhere in India is English an important role as an educational and language of communication. The largest immigrant group in Bangalore are the Tamils, who make up about 30 percent of the population of the city. In the past there have been repeated conflicts between Kannada-speakers and immigrants. They asked serious anti-Tamil riots in 1991 twenty deaths. The tension between these two populations were also evident in the controversy surrounding the Tiruvalluvar statue , a monument to the Tamil poet saint Tiruvalluvar , which was erected in 1992 but in 2009 will be revealed could.