Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. With two million people in the city of Baku province is the most populous and largest city in the country and the entire Caucasus. The city on the shores of the Caspian Sea’s transportation hub and economic and cultural center with several universities, colleges, research institutes, theaters and museums. Because of its location within an oil-producing area is the hub of several Baku oil pipelines and has a major oil port. Baku looks back due to its convenient location at several historic trade routes on a city rich in history. In the old town, which since 2000 the status of a UNESCO World Heritage site, has numerous palaces, mosques and fortresses have been preserved.
Baku lies just below sea level, on the south Abşeron Peninsula on the west coast of the Caspian Sea. The city is surrounded by several freshwater lakes, including the Boyukshorsee, which is ten square kilometers, the second largest lake in the country. In the West, and occasionally in the east rises the hills to 200 feet above sea level.
There are various theories about the origin of the name of Baku, the most popular is the derivation of Persian kube bad (windy, wind kube Persian bad =, = beating), which as much as the city winds means.
In November 2000, an earthquake of magnitude 6.7 hit with on the Richter scale and damaged the city and the monuments of the old town. 2003 for that reason, the World Heritage Committee on the red list of endangered world heritage. This entry has since been jeopardized if the government can not provide adequate plan to protect the town from uncontrolled construction activities. The speculative building, even at historically valuable land, has also taken possession of the old town, for example, the construction of high-priced, often high-rise residential and office complexes.