Baguio City ( Ilokano : Ciudad ti Baguio , Filipino : Lungsod ng Baguio ) is a town in the north of the main Philippine island of Luzon . It lies 1500 meters above sea level in the Philippine Cordilleras , and was due to the associated colder temperatures in the 1910-1975 summer capital of the Philippines . During the winter months, Manila capital.
Numerous high-ranking politicians and prominent businessmen of the country maintained in Baguio luxury residences. The city also reached international fame with the temporary World Chess Championship 1978 between the then reigning world champion Anatoly Karpov of the former Soviet Union and his former compatriot, who had fled from the Soviet Union and the Grand Master was still stateless Viktor Korchnoi .