Assisi is a town with 28,143 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010) in central Italy, Umbria, near the regional capital of Perugia. She is the birthplace of St. Francis of Assisi (also St. Francis), the founder of the Friars Minor (now Franciscans or Minorites) and the St. Clare, the foundress of the Poor Clares. The medieval city with city walls and fortress ruins of Rocca Maggiore, is still well preserved and in 2000 the World Heritage of UNESCO appointed.
The place was developed by the Romans in terraces on a rocky ridge on the west side of the Subasio built. From the Roman period are found today, the city walls, the forum (or square Piazza del Comune), a theater, an amphitheater and the Temple of Minerva, who later became the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva was rebuilt.
In the year 545 was the site of most of the Ostrogoths got destroyed, and later under the rule of the Lombards, and was followed by the Count of Spoleto assumed. In the year 1181/1182 this was the St. Francis of Assisi was born. In 1197, three years after his alleged birth in the market square of Jesi, who later became Emperor Frederick II was baptized in Assisi. The village of Castel Nuovo was incorporated at Assisi.