Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principality of Andorra), is an independent mini-state in the eastern Pyrenees between Spain and France. Andorra was on 8 Founded in September 1278 and is today the largest in area among the six European dwarf states. It is the only country in the world, in which two foreign ministers also the function of head of state perceive (the Bishop of Urgell and the President of France). Thus, it is a dual power or diarchy. Andorra has long been known as a tax haven. But the tourism (especially winter sports) is the most important economic factor.
Andorra is located in a valley of the Pyrenees. The origin of the valley goes back to the Ice Age, the glaciers in the narrow valleys originally wider and the entrained debris material deposited as moraines. More than a third of Andorra lies above the tree line. In the layers including alternate mostly pine forests with meadows and pastures. The country is very mountainous. 65 mountain peaks higher than the 2,000-meter mark. The highest peak is Coma Pedrosa, with 2946 meters. The lowest point is 840 meters high and is located at Sant Julia de Loria at the Spanish border. The French border has a length of 56.6 km, 63.7 km to Spain.
Two arms of the river Valira, the Valira del Nord and the Valira d’Orient unite, located approximately in the middle of the country to Valira, who continues to flow to Spain. The Valira supplies through hydroelectric power stations on the river a part of the energy in the country. Other important rivers are of Arinsal and the Riu Madriu. The country’s population is concentrated in the largest valley of the principality, through which flows the River Grand Valira and in which there are two municipalities, including the capital, Andorra la Vella.