The port city of Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands and its most populous city. Amsterdam had 780.152 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2010) and as an agglomeration “Groot-Amsterdam” about 1.1 million (2010). In the greater Amsterdam area, the northern part of the Dutch conurbation Randstad makes, there were about 2.3 million people (2010). Although the seat of government of the country as well as the royal residence in the 60 kilometers from The Hague are located, is Amsterdam since 1983 under the Dutch Constitution, the capital of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam is located in the province of North Holland, at the mouth of the Amstel and the IJ in the IJsselmeer. Amsterdam by the North Sea Canal to the North Sea combined. The city is protected by numerous canals criss-crossed. Among other things she is famous. The town’s name derives from a 13th Century built dam with sluice in the river Amstel from. The Abdeichung the estuary was necessary to protect the buildings previously formed on both banks of the river from storm surges, as the former Zuiderzee was an open bay to the North Sea , and the country fell because of drainage measures. Such dikes, as well as other places were built along the Zuiderzee, included locks, to allow the flow of water through it and not to obstruct the navigation.
The association set in the Amstel dam on both sides of the previously formed nuclei settlement, which still today as Eastern Canal Ring and Nieuwe Zijde be called (old and new page). At the site of the Amstel dam was built during the Middle Ages an urban place that even today the name Dam bears and is the center of the city.
Tourism is, in addition to the so-called Counsil Tax, a tax on houses and apartments, an important source of income. Every year, millions of tourists from all over the city, many hotels are found throughout the city. Attractions are largely the many canals, coffee shops and museums and the red light district De Wallen in Amsterdam city center. The Rembrandtplein is one of its theaters, cinemas and many restaurants and pubs of the most popular nightlife areas of Amsterdam. Near the Leidseplein and the nightclubs are located Holland casino for gamblers.