The Algonquin Provincial Park is a 7725 km² large nature park in the Canadian province of Ontario . The park has not only deciduous and coniferous forests, but also marshes and towering rock walls and over 2456 lakes offer. It is located north of Lake Ontario in a triangle between the cities of Greater Sudbury in the west, Toronto in the south and Ottawa in the east. He is from Toronto, about 200 km as the crow flies. The park is the oldest park in Ontario. The Highway 60 runs along 60 km route (from east to west gate) located through the southern park on a street with large campsites, a visitors center and a logging museum.
The Algonquin Provincial Park is a popular recreation destination for Canadians, especially in Toronto and Ottawa , but also a tourist magnet. 750,000 tourists visit each year, the park and make there day or multi-day hiking or canoeing. In the park live about three thousand elk , about two thousand black bears , wolves and beavers. The beaver population is about 30,000 animals.
The park offers camping facilities and non-photo opportunities, bird watching, hiking and fishing. Many long-distance hiking trails invite hikers to remote areas of the park and over 1600 km canoe routes and 1,500 storage places to stay in the park as are the campsites in the park.
After the last ice age , about eleven thousand years ago, the landscape of today’s Algonquin Provincial Park was created, with its rocky cliffs, rivers and lakes. About nine thousand years ago the first humans settled here, the Native Americans, a hunter-gatherer culture.
Samuel de Champlain was probably the first Europeans in this area, one appointed by the French government cartographer . To 1829 appear in the sources of any news, if we also rangers have to expect. Only Alexander Shirreff visited and described the area 1829th Almost at the same time it visited the cartographer David Thompson . A few years later, the logging companies were working on the Ottawa along the rivers northward, that is, especially on the Bonnechere , Petawawa and Madawaska . Here, the precise mapping of about John Snow were very helpful. In 1879 an attempt was made to develop the land for settlers and divide. In its heyday, more than 29 farms and villages were to be found in the park area. However, the ground was barren and agricultural land use is almost impossible, so many farmers left the area again and the trappers and loggers , leaving the square. Primarily beaver pelts and Weymouth pines were then specific merchandise, which was released uncontrolled and therefore also led to a sharp depletion of the populations.
The pines were in the spring on the Ottawa River and the St. Lawrence River across to the port cities of the neighboring province of Quebec floated from where it to Europe, mainly England were shipped as lumber. In addition to the non-controlled fur hunting devastated even some forest fires, the area of our park, so that’s left of the once-frequent Weymouth pine stands only a few copies remain.
Only at the end of the 19th Century, the first conservation measures initiated by the then government of Canada to life and the Algonquin Provincial Park was founded in 1893. The government enforced a migration of settlers from the park and checked also the fur hunting in the park is also in the timber it came through the intervention of the Canadian government and Canadian industrialist JR Booth to a sudden change: The Weymouth pine (Pinus strobus) now subject to a protective and there were other types of wood available in the park for the industry of interest. JR Booth, employed during the heyday of its wood campaign over six thousand workers and operate a railway network in the park until 1908 William Bell drew a first card for canoeists, the mode of transport that allowed a large extent as a single locomotion. For the first time the portages have been recorded.
From the beginning of the 20th Century changed the terms, conditions slowly for the area of the park. More and more tourists and people in need of relaxation discovered the natural beauty of the park and he was increasingly used as a recreational and tourist area. It emerged alongside luxury hotels and campsites camp sites for canoeists. 1934 cards were first produced by aerial photography.
In the 1950s and 1960s resulted in a massive conflict of interest between the wood processing industry and the leisure industry, which was only resolved in 1974 by the Canadian government and a compromise.
The park can be visited all year round, parts of the area, however, the visitor traffic in winter, closed from October until about April. Year-round can of camping at Mew Lake, the Day Use Areas and Highway 60 are used. In the spring after the snow melts, it is again possible to use all parts of the park. Are striking in this period, the diversity of flowers and colorful spring flowers. Moose can be seen on the highway, because they drink there, standing in the puddles of melting salty water. Anglers on the lakes and streams or lake trout caught. Some reach a weight of up to seven kilograms.
Most visitors come in summer and use the remote and day-hiking trails, canoe routes and campsites. In June and July in the waters with black flies and mosquitoes can be expected. The Logging Museum explains the history of forestry in the Park A 1.5 km route will pass among them a replica logging camp and a steam-powered skidding machine. Century. The visitor center has opened in 1993, an exhibition on the natural history and the history of human settlement. Also, there is a restaurant and a bookstore, the parking permits for cars to buy here.
Autumn is the time in which discolors the foliage of sugar maple and conjures up such an unusual play of colors on the trees. Now, the howling of the wolves are overheard and it is possible that moose are spotted. From about November it began to snow in Algonquinpark. The snowpack can be up to the middle of winter, piling up to about one meter high. The lakes have formed a layer of ice up to Christmas. Winter in Algonquin Provincial Park offers the opportunity to go skiing on ski slopes or take leisurely tours with snowshoes and sled dogs. It can sometimes temperatures as low as minus 40 degrees Celsius are reached.