Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, which is about 32 km (20 miles) along the Mediterranean coast in the north central part of the country, it is also the largest city which sits directly on the Mediterranean coast . It is the largest port in Egypt, where about 80% of Egypt’s imports and exports. Alexandria is also a major tourist center. It is home to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the new Library of Alexandria). It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez.
Alexandria was founded around a small pharaonic town of C. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained the capital of Egypt for nearly a thousand years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (Fustat was later absorbed into Cairo). His library (the largest library in the ancient world), and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven; was Alexandria for its lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient wonders of the Middle Ages known. Maritime Archaeology in working in the port of Alexandria, which began in 1994, the details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a town called Rhakotis existed, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.
From the late 19th Century Alexandria was an important center of international shipping and one of the largest shopping centers in the world, both because he took the easy connection of land between the Mediterranean and Red Sea and the lucrative Egyptian cotton.
Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, when Alexandria was founded in April. Alexander’s chief architect for the project was Dinocrates. Alexandria, Naukratis should be replaced as a Hellenistic center in Egypt, and the link between Greece and the rich Nile Valley.
Modern Alexandria is divided into six districts:
Al Montazah District: population 1190287
Sharak (Eastern District of Alexandria: 985 786 inhabitants
Wasat (central Alexandria) Area: 520 450 people
al-Amriya district: 845 845 people
Agamy (Western Alexandria) District: 386 374 inhabitants
al-Gomrok District: 145 558 inhabitants
There are also two cities under the jurisdiction of the formation of the Governorate of Alexandria Metropolitan:
Borg Al-Arab city: 186 900 inhabitants
New Borg Al-Arab City: Population 7600