Albania (Albanian : Shqiperia or Shqipnija), officially the Republic of Albania, is a country in the west of the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Adriatic and Ionian Sea and Greece, Macedonia, Kosovo and Montenegro. Albania is a member of the United Nations, the NATO, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of Islamic Conference and one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. On April 28, 2009, the country also officially the membership request.
Albania is a parliamentary democracy. The Albanian capital, Tirana, is home to about 895,000 of the 3.6 million inhabitants of the country, and it is also the financial capital of the country. Fri market reforms in the country, the road opened to foreign investors, particularly in the energy – and transport sectors. It was for centuries an outpost of the Ottoman Empire. In 1912 the country became independent, after the Second World War was under Enver Hoxha a dogmatic communist regime that moving away from the rest of the world isolated.
The area was ruled by the ancient Illyrians and Thracians and later came under Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman rule. Albania was in 1912 independently. In the first years after the declaration of independence by several neighboring Albania were bombarded by militias and military actions. In January / February 1916 Albania was occupied by Austria-Hungary in the north, and by the Bulgarians in the east of the country. Montenegro began a siege of the city of Shkoder in northern Albania.
At the end of the First World War drew the parties withdrew. Finally left the Italians in 1922 the land. In 1925 Albania became a republic. From 1928 to 1939 was a kingdom, but in the thirties it became more and more dependent on Italy, until Italy annexed the country in 1939. After 1944 Albania was a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which in 1961 broke because destalinisatiepolitiek of Nikita Khrushchev. In 1968 left Albania as the first and only country in the Cold War the Warsaw Pact and became an ally of Communist China, to the outrage of the Soviet Union. The elections in 1992 put an end to the power of the Communist Party and became a democratic government is formed. In 1997 the country broke into anarchy after the collapse of pyramid schemes that many investors had driven up to a complete collapse.