Adelaide is the capital of the State of South Australia in Australia . Adelaide is a coastal town on the Saint-Vincent-golf and was the first governor of the state, John Hindmarsh 1836 to the British Queen Adelaide named. Adelaide was in contrast to cities such as Sydney or Hobart is not a convict colony produced. The city contributes for its cultural events called the “Festival City”. For example, the Glenelg Jazz Festival and the Adelaide Festival of Arts. Similarly, Adelaide ‘city of churches “(City of churches) called. Adelaide is the venue for several sporting events, such as from 1985 to 1995 the Grand Prix of Australia, the Formula 1 at the Adelaide Street Circuit .
The city of Adelaide consists only of the town center within the park ring, divided into Adelaide and North Adelaide. It has 17 500 inhabitants. It is expected however to the right about 250 locations surrounding the urban area. Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula , between the Gulf St Vincent and the Mount Lofty-Mountains . The city stretches 20 kilometers from the coast to the foothills of the mountains. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics ( Australian Bureau of Statistics ), the Adelaide metropolitan region an area of 870 square kilometers and lies at an average altitude of 50 m above sea level. NN . The Mount Lofty is at 727 meters the highest point of the metropolitan region.
Before the colonization of this area was covered mostly by Adelaide bushland. In the coastal areas were predominantly swamps and bogs. Through the metropolitan region to flow several rivers and streams. The largest river basins, the two rivers River Torrens and Onkaparinga River . For basic water supply of the city, together with their 40% share of the Happy Valley Reservoir , and 10%, the larger Mount Bold Reservoir .