Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia . In the language of the Oromo , the city is Finfinne or Shaggar called. Addis Ababa is the headquarters of the UN Economic Commission for Africa and the headquarters of the African Union . Addis Ababa has an area of about 530 km. The almost in the center of the country as the city is 2200-3000 meters above sea level at the foot of Mount Entoto , making it the third highest capital in the world.
Prior to Addis Ababa was founded, the Ethiopian kingdom had long time no fixed capital. Resided since 1881 Menelik II , then still the King of Shewa , on Mount Entoto near the present-day Addis Ababa. This temporary camp in central Ethiopia had some advantages for Menelik II the one hand, the place is located further south than previous capitals, which earned him the union of the south with the north of the country under his rule easier, on the other hand, the place has historical significance as a legendary seat of the medieval kings.
In November 1886, while Menelik II resided in remote regions of the country, his wife moved Taytu Betul the camp from the hills into the valley to the point where the city is located today. It is reported that she left the camp at Entoto because of the discomfort of low temperatures and their place in the vicinity of the hot fields Weha promised more sources. Decisive, however, were probably the geography of this place that offered, in contrast to the camp at Entoto enough space for the creation of a city as it is presented Menelik II. After his return, Menelik II also took a liking to this place.
In 1889, the first palace of the Emperor Menelik II was built here, laid the first water system in the country, and in a round hut, a Tukull, the first telegraph office was established. Menelik II in 1892 named the town of Addis Ababa , “New Flower” and made it the capital of Abyssinia . The first bank, then Bank of Abyssinia , was founded in 1905, 1908, the first school, in 1910 the first hospital in 1911 the first printing. Significantly, it was the first cinema in 1898, popularly known as Ya-Šäyṭan Bet (Devil house) called. After the Abyssinian War , the city was part of Italian East Africa . During World War II captured on 5 April 1941 British troops, the capital of the Italian colony of Abyssinia.